底板载重政策

虽然底板载重是劳动密集程度最高的装载类型之一,但您在向亚马逊运营中心运送汽运零担 (LTL)、整车运输 (FTL) 或整箱装载 (FCL) 货件时,可能无法避免地要采用底板载重方式。

将包装好的商品直接装载在底板上,而非使用托拍或其他集装箱,会导致运营中心花费更长时间来处理商品,进而可能会影响您的商品在亚马逊商城的供应情况以及卸货时间。如果您的货件需要进行大量处理工作,承运人可能还会收取额外费用。

重要: 不遵守亚马逊物流商品预处理要求、安全要求及商品限制可能会产生以下后果:亚马逊运营中心拒收库存;弃置或退还库存;阻止今后向运营中心运送货件;或者运营中心针对未尽的预处理工作或额外包装工作收取费用。请将这些要求告知您的承运人或供应商,以确保他们完全理解这些要求。

底板载重要求

请尽可能用托拍装载所有货件,以确保提前安排送货预约。出于安全原因,需要大量处理的底板载重货件可能会被拒收(即重量超过 50.0 磅的箱子)。根据定义,亚马逊认为底板载重针对的是松散的、堆叠的箱子,其重量低于 50.0 磅,可手动卸货。根据所需的额外时间和人工,您的承运人评估的任何其他费用将有所不同,各货件之间可能会有很大差异。

您必须通知您的承运人,只有他们在承运人平台(需要登录)中的“预约信息”部分选择【装载类型】 > 【底板载重】来标识底板载重货件后,亚马逊才会接受这些货件。

注意: 您发往亚马逊运营中心的每个箱子(包括用制造商箱子发送的商品)都必须用货件编号标签进行正确标识。有关更多信息,请参阅货件标签要求。

请在准备底板载重货件时遵循以下这些要求:

  • 将箱子以交替方式堆叠成列以确保稳定。

  • 不得使用任何类型的绑带、束带、胶带等将箱子捆在一起。

  • 在列式货堆和集装箱内壁之间至少留出 3 英寸。

  • 堆叠箱子高度不得超过 72 英寸,除非它们符合以下自动装卸卡车说明。

  • 最后一排箱子与集装箱门之间至少留出 8 英寸的间隙,用于放置垛口升降台。

  • 确保列式货堆的总高度能让货堆上部与集装箱顶部之间留有 6 英寸的间隙。

  • 长度超过 48 英寸的商品必须沿长度方向装入集装箱或拖车。

重要: 如果使用底板不平或有波纹的拖车运输到亚马逊运营中心,则亚马逊将拒收这些非托拍装载(底板载重)商品。

装载质量要求

  1. 所有货件都应使用载重杆/带正确固定。托运人和承运人应负责确保以妥善方式将货件装入拖车,以防止货件在运输过程中移动。使用联合运输 (COFC) 时,应始终使用载重带,切勿使用载重杆固定货物。

  2. 底板载重货物仅应装入至少 8 英尺高的集装箱内,并应确保纸箱货堆的总高度能让货堆上部与集装箱顶部之间留有 6 英寸的间隙。

  3. 确保所有箱子(无论重量如何)均遵循下列自动装卸卡车说明。

正确堆叠的底板载重货件示例

重要: 如果装载质量不符合底板载重政策,那么您的货件接收时间可能会更长,并且可能会有相关人员联系您咨询货件情况。装载质量问题可能会导致因计划外的服务而产生额外费用,或货件遭到拒收。

自动装卸卡车指南

任何底板载重拖车必须归类为“可固定”或“不可固定”。 如果货物描述为可固定,则必须能够使用装卸货叉从拖车上完全卸载到电动工业升降机上。这些是带有液压货叉的叉车,用于抓牢和抬升货件。如果货物描述为不可固定,则只能手动从拖车上卸货。“可固定”或“不可固定”的货物必须满足以下要求。

  • 装载拖车时,请在货堆之间以及货堆和集装箱内壁之间至少留出 3 英寸。

  • 确保货堆的总高度能让货堆上部与集装箱顶部之间留有 6 英寸的间隙。

  • 使每一层保持整齐一致,并使之与其他层对齐,从而使货堆的四侧均可由自动装卸卡车进行安全抓握。每层的高度可能有所差异。

  • 商品的朝向还必须使其能够被固定而不必重新安排货物。

  • 在货堆之间使用垫片,以防止货件在运输过程中移动。所有货件都应使用载重杆/带正确固定。托运人和承运人应负责确保以妥善方式将货件装入拖车,以防止货件在运输过程中移动。

  • 必须使用充气垫、钻石瓦楞垫片或填充物来保持稳定,并在运输过程中保持货堆之间的分隔。

  • 为了满足自动装卸卡车最小和最大限制,可固定箱子的宽度必须介于 24 英寸和 72 英寸(包含)之间。在装载过程中,不得将可固定的箱子强制装入拖车。

  • 商品必须使用收缩膜包装在一起,以防止不安全装载。

滑托板指南

如果使用滑托板代替托拍,请务必遵循以下说明:

  • 在底板和商品之间以及每层之间插入滑托板。 货堆的总高度应确保货堆上部与集装箱顶部之间留有 6 英寸的间隙。

  • 仅使用行业标准托拍尺寸(40 x 48 英寸)的滑托板。

  • 长度超过 48 英寸的商品必须沿长度方向装入集装箱或拖车。

相关指南

  • 有关需要对汽运零担、整车运输及整箱装载货件采取的其他操作,请务必查阅卖家要求和承运人要求。

  • 有关重量、尺寸及货件包装的要求,请查阅运输和路线安排要求。

  • 对于小型货件,请参阅发往亚马逊的小包裹快递。


 亚马逊官网原文详情:

Floor Loading Policy

While it is one of the most labor-intensive types of loading, you may not be able to avoid Floor Loading your products when shipping Less than Truckload (LTL), Full Truckload (FTL), or Full Container Load (FCL) deliveries to Amazon fulfillment centers.

When loading packed products directly on the floor, rather than using pallets or other containers, it takes longer for the fulfillment centers to process, which may impact your products availability for sale on Amazon and unload times. Carriers may also apply additional charges if your shipments require extensive handling.

Important: Failure to comply with FBA product preparation requirements, safety requirements, and product restrictions may result in the refusal of inventory at the Amazon fulfillment center, disposal or return of inventory, blocking of future shipments to the fulfillment center, or charging for preparation or for noncompliance at the fulfillment center. Please share these requirements with your carrier or vendor to ensure that they fully understand these requirements.

Floor loading requirements

Palletize all shipments as much as possible to ensure earlier delivery appointments. Floor-loaded shipments requiring extensive handling may be refused for safety reasons (i.e. boxes greater than 50.0 pounds). By definition, Amazon considers floor loading to be loose, stacked boxes, which are under 50.0 pounds in weight that will be unloaded by hand. Any additional charges assessed by your carrier would vary based on the extra time and labor required, which can vary significantly from shipment to shipment.

You must inform your carrier that floor-loaded shipments are only accepted when they identify them on Carrier Central (sign-in required) in the Appointment Information Section by selecting Load Type > Floor Loaded.

Note: Each box you ship to an Amazon fulfillment center, including units sent in a manufacturer box, must be properly identified with a shipment ID label. For more information, see Shipment label requirements.

Follow these requirements while readying the floor-loaded shipment:

  • Stack boxes into columns in an alternating pattern to provide stability.

  • Boxes must not be bundled together with any kind of straps, zip ties, tape, etc.

  • Maintain at least 3 inches between column stacks and container walls.

  • Stack boxes no higher than 72 inches, unless they conform to the clamp truck instructions below.

  • Allow for at least 8 inches of clearance from the last row of boxes to container doors to engage a dock leveler.

  • Make sure that the overall height of the column stack allows 6 inches of clearance from the top of the stack to the roof of the container.

  • Products exceeding 48 inches in length must be loaded along the length of the container or trailer.

Important: Non-palletized (floor-loaded) products that arrive at Amazon fulfillment centers on a trailer with uneven or corrugated floors will be refused.

Load quality requirements

  1. All shipments should be properly secured using load bars/straps. It is the shipper's and the carrier's responsibility to ensure that shipments are loaded into a trailer in a manner that prevents the load from shifting during transit. When using Intermodal transportation (COFC), always use a load strap, never a load bar to secure loads.

  2. Floor-loaded freight should only be loaded into containers that are at least 8 feet tall and make sure that the overall height of the carton stack allows 6 inches of clearance from the top of the stack to the roof of the container.

  3. Ensure that all boxes (regardless of weight) comply with the clamp truck instructions listed below.

Example of a correctly staged floor loaded shipment

Example of an incorrectly staged floor loaded shipment

Important: If the load quality does not meet Floor Loading policy, your shipment may take longer to receive and you may be contacted about your shipment. Load quality issues may result in charges for unplanned services or refusal of shipments.

Clamp Truck Guidelines

Any floor-loaded trailer must be categorized as being "clampable" or "non-clampable." If freight is described as clampable, it must be able to be completely unloaded from a trailer using a clamp attachment to a powered industrial machine for lift. These are forklifts with hydraulic attachments that open and close around a load to squeeze and pick it up. If freight is described as non-clampable, it can only be unloaded from a trailer by hand. "Clampable" or "non-clampable" freight must meet the following.

  • When loading the trailer, maintain at least 3 inches between stacks, and between stacks and container walls.

  • Make sure that the overall height of stack allows 6 inches of clearance from the top of the stack to the roof of the container.

  • Arrange each tier to be uniform and aligned relative to the other tiers on the footprint so that all four sides of the freight stack can be safely accessed and "squeezed" by a clamp truck. Tier heights may vary.

  • The product must also be oriented in such a manner that it can be clamped without having to rearrange the load.

  • Use spacers between stacks to prevent them from shifting during transit. All shipments should be properly secured using load bars/straps. It is the shipper's and carrier's responsibility to ensure that shipments are loaded into the trailer in a manner that prevents the load from shifting during transit.

  • Air pillows, diamond corrugate shims, or dunnage must be used for stability and to maintain the separation between stacks during transit.

  • Boxes that are considered clampable must be a minimum of 24 inches in width and no longer than 72 inches to be able to accommodate min and max clamp truck restrictions. Clampable boxes must not be forced into a trailer during the load process.

  • Products must be shrink-wrapped together to prevent insecure loading.

Slip sheet guidelines

When slip sheets are used instead of pallets, be sure to follow these instructions:

  • Insert slip sheets between the floor and product, as well as between layers. The overall height of the stack should allow 6 inches of clearance from the top of the stack to the roof of the container.

  • Use only slip sheets of industry-standard pallet size (40 x 48 inches).

  • Products exceeding 48 inches in length must be loaded along the length of the container or trailer.

Related guidelines

  • For additional actions required for LTL, FTL, and FCL deliveries, be sure to review the Seller requirements and Carrier requirements.

  • For weight, dimension, and shipment packing requirements, review the Shipping and routing requirements.

  • For smaller shipments, go to Small parcel delivery to Amazon.

 文章来源:亚马逊官方网站