有关汽运零担、整车运输和整箱装载货件的卖家要求

在本页面中,您将了解亚马逊就发往亚马逊运营中心的汽运零担 (LTL) 和整车运输 (FTL) 货件对您(即亚马逊物流卖家)提出的要求。您还可以下载有关海运整箱装载 (FCL) 货件的帮助指南。

重要: 以下是亚马逊就发往亚马逊运营中心的汽运零担/整车运输货件提出的要求。遵循以下指南,并确保您的承运人和供应商同样遵循这些指南,将有助于:

  • 确保您的货件被接受

  • 确保您的库存实现非常高效和准确的卸货、接收和储存

  • 避免您因货件不符合本指南的要求而不得不将其移除或弃置,或者为其支付额外费用

相关指南

  • 有关汽运零担和整车运输货件的其他要求,请参阅有关汽运零担和整车运输货件的卖家要求以及底板载重政策。

  • 有关重量、尺寸及货件包装的要求,请参阅运输和路线安排要求。

  • 对于小型货件,请参阅发往亚马逊的小包裹快递。

  • 对于海运整箱装载 (FCL) 货件,请下载这些帮助指南(英语版和中文版)。

  • 有关亚马逊合作承运人的更多信息,请参阅亚马逊合作承运人选项。

箱数限制

单个汽运零担货件的箱数不得超过 5,000 个。如需运送 5,000 个以上的箱子,您必须创建第二个货件。

托拍要求

  • 使用尺寸为 40 x 48 英寸的四向进叉木制托拍。请勿使用由塑料、纸板或刨花板等脆弱材质制成的托拍运送商品。

  • 如果单件大型商品在装入 40 x 48 英寸的托拍时会出现边缘外露的情况,请使用适合该商品的托拍尺寸和类型。

  • 使用达到 GMA 标准 B 级或更高级别的托拍运送商品。无论托拍材质如何(木材、胶合板和复合材质等),GMA 标准 B 级托拍都应满足以下条件:

    • 顶部 6 或 7 块木板,具体取决于木板宽度

    • 底部不少于 4 块木板

    • 配有用于增强支撑的纵梁

    • 四向进叉

    • 纵梁的木块未维修过

  • 仅使用 GMA 1A 级托拍运送食品类商品。满足以下条件的托拍才算 GMA 1A 级托拍:

    • 顶部 7 块木板

    • 底部 5 块木板

    • 配有用于增强支撑的纵梁

    • 四向进叉

    • 纵梁的木块未维修过

  • 个护健康和美妆类商品只接受 GMA 1A 和 1B 级托拍。满足以下条件的托拍才算 GMA 1B 级托拍:

    • 顶部 6 或 7 块木板,具体取决于木板宽度

    • 底部不少于 4 块木板

    • 配有用于增强支撑的纵梁

    • 四向进叉

    • 只有 1 根纵梁可装有一个塞子或进行过其他种类的维修

  • 仅使用状况良好的托拍运送。

  • 亚马逊不接受断裂或残损的托拍,而且可能会拒收这些托拍,相关费用由卖家自行承担。

堆放托拍

不是由小包裹承运人运送的所有合作承运人货件都必须使用托拍装载。对于不能使用托拍运送而需采用底板载重方式的非合作承运人货件,请参阅底板载重政策。

将箱子堆放在托拍上时,请遵循以下指南:

  • 用一个托拍运送多个 ASIN 时,请有效分隔这些 ASIN,以便在接收时能够轻松分辨。

  • 必须遵循箱子包装上显示的所有指南,如最大堆放高度、箱子方向要求和处理限制。

  • 堆放托拍时应让亚马逊物流箱子编号标签朝外,以便在不损坏托拍的情况下扫描箱子上的每个条形码。

  • 将箱子堆放在托拍上,使其稳固且各个面齐平。建议使用堆砖法,将最重的商品放在底部。

  • 对于单一 ASIN 托拍,所有箱子的堆放方式必须相同(即全部水平或竖直堆放)。箱子仍可朝着不同的方向转动,但必须按照相同方式堆放。

  • 理想情况下,托拍的包装高度不超过 50 英寸(箱子为 45英寸,托拍为 5 英寸)且可堆叠,因为这样能有效利用空间并给拖车留出最大空间。不可堆叠托拍的高度不得超过 72 英寸,且空间利用率较低。

如何堆放托拍

托拍上的每个纸箱都必须符合亚马逊的货件包装要求。

组装: 每个托拍上的商品都必须具备相同的货件编号。将计划一起销售(如套装商品)和重量超过 100 磅的货件箱放置在一个托拍(每个托拍一种可售商品)上,或将其固定在一起。重量超过 100 磅、长度超过 80 英寸或宽度超过 30 英寸的单个、不可固定的货件箱或商品(如家具)应放置在独立的托拍上。

重量和高度: 托拍的总重量不得超过 1,500 磅。单个托拍不得高于 72 英寸(含托拍本身的高度),除非单个商品高于 72 英寸。对于单个托拍,如果符合底板载重政策中描述的“可固定”说明,其高度不得超过 98 英寸(含托拍本身的高度)。单个高 98 英寸的托拍将被自动装卸卡车拆分成两个托拍,以便接收商品。

注意: 由亚马逊合作承运人发送的单个托拍在 40 x 48 英寸的托拍上的高度不得超过 72 英寸。为了最大限度地提高货运效率,托拍应可堆叠且高度不得超过 100 英寸(每个托拍 50 英寸)。有关更多信息,请参阅亚马逊合作承运人选项。

堆叠和包裹: 必须按照标准托拍堆叠要求来堆放箱子。请勿使用包装袋、弹力带或其他绑绳捆绑货件箱。商品不得露出托拍边缘。

必须使用透明塑料拉伸膜多次包裹所有托拍,并告知承运人“请勿破坏拉伸膜”或“请勿拆开”。拉伸膜必须将商品完全固定在托拍上,以防止商品在运输过程中移动。拉伸膜必须从货堆顶部包裹到托拍并包住托拍。不应使用拉伸膜来固定托拍上的荷载,拉伸膜去掉后,荷载也应保持稳固。

贴标: 货件中的每个箱子都必须具有一个符合亚马逊货件标签要求的唯一亚马逊物流箱子编号标签。包裹好的托拍必须在拉伸膜外侧的四个侧面贴上亚马逊物流托拍标签。

装载: 托拍的总高度必须确保货堆上部与集装箱顶部之间留有 6 英寸的间隙。在运输过程中,托拍和集装箱内壁之间至少留出 3 英寸的距离,具体可使用充气袋以确保稳定性,使用非金属带或安全网以防止荷载移位或掉落。最后一排托拍与集装箱门之间至少留出 8 英寸的间隙,用于放置垛口升降台。

双层托拍

亚马逊运营中心接受双层托拍,前提是托拍必须能够安全装卸,且不会在运输过程中造成商品残损。您可以根据需要双层堆叠托拍,以便尽可能提高货运效率。请遵循上述指南以及有关双层托拍的下述指南:

  • 两个托拍堆叠的总高度不得超过 100.00 英寸(每个托拍 50.00 英寸)

  • 托拍顶部与集装箱顶部之间至少留出 6 英寸的空间,以便叉车安全卸载托拍。

  • 箱子应均匀整齐叠放,不得让箱子露出托拍边缘。

  • 箱子应堆叠在旋转层中,以确保货堆稳固。

  • 堆砖法;较重的箱子应放在货堆底层和托拍上,以防止较轻的箱子被压扁或损坏。

  • 堆叠箱子时应确保侧面和顶部齐平,以确保货堆稳固。

  • 堆叠托拍时留出足够的空间,以便卸载。

  • 堆叠托拍的重量和箱子堆叠位置应居中,以确保稳固,并防止托拍在运输过程中倾斜或掉落。


托拍标签要求

  • 在托拍拉伸膜外侧的四个侧面贴上亚马逊物流托拍标签。

  • 在每个托拍上粘贴亚马逊物流托拍标签(每个托拍四个标签,贴于每个侧面的顶部中间位置),并在托拍上的每个箱子上粘贴亚马逊物流箱子编号标签。您可以从预处理货件页面打印亚马逊物流箱子编号标签和托拍标签。

  • 将标签平直地(不要倾斜)贴在托拍的四面,以便叉车驾驶员在驾驶叉车靠近并抬升托拍时能够看到标签。

  • 如果托拍只包含一种 ASIN,请为其贴上“单一 ASIN 托拍”标签。

  • 用一个托拍运输多个 SKU 时,请有效分隔不同的 SKU,以便运营中心在接收时能够轻松分辨。请参阅以下特殊托拍标签要求。

重要:

根据亚马逊货运计划,向当地运营中心发送货件时,您需要额外粘贴四个亚马逊承运人托拍编号标签。在托拍的四个侧面粘贴同一标签的副本,以及亚马逊物流托拍标签。请确保每个托拍上的所有标签都具有相同的“托拍计数”编号。有关更多信息,请参阅亚马逊货运

不同商品类型的特殊托拍标签要求

请在标签上附带以下信息(如果适用):

标签适用范围:
多人合搬重量超过 50 磅的单件商品箱子*
机械搬运超过 100 磅的单件商品箱子*
混合 SKU包含超过一种可售商品(不同 SKU 或状况)的托拍和箱子
套装勿拆由旨在作为单一 SKU 销售的多个商品组成的可售商品。应尽可能将属于套装的商品包装在一个箱子内,避免分开。


重要: 箱子不得超出 50 磅的标准重量限值,除非其包含单件重量超出 50 磅的大件商品。我们对箱子重量和尺寸执行严格的管理政策。将超重或超大箱子发送到运营中心可能会导致我们阻止您今后向运营中心运送货件。有关更多信息,请参阅运输和路线安排要求。

有关需要专门预处理的特定商品分类的更多信息,请参阅包装和预处理要求。

提货单 (BOL)

对于您在货件处理进度中创建的每个汽运零担/整车运输货件,都必须向承运人提供有效的提货单 (BOL),以便他们能够安排送货预约。不满足以下要求的货件提货单都将在送达时被拒。对于亚马逊合作汽运零担/整车运输货件,提货单将在取件日期当天上午生成,并可在“货件一览”的【追踪货件】选项卡中查看。您还可以在此处下载空白提货单,然后针对合作承运人货件进行填写。

填写承运人向您提供的提货单表格时,请遵守这些指南。相关信息必须打印,不可手写。我们建议使用标准提货单模板,这有助于确保亚马逊轻松识别并及时接收您的货件。如果您的承运人未提供模板,请确保您的提货单包含以下信息:

  • 货件的所有货件追踪编号和货件编号。您可以在【标准化货件创建流程】的【一览】中找到这些信息。

  • 卖家名称

  • 发货地址(街道地址、城市、省/自治区/直辖市、邮政编码)

  • 卖家的法定名称

  • 承运人名称和标准承运人字母代码 (SCAC)

  • 承运人的托运人参考编号(PRO 编码)

  • 处理商品数量(每个托拍、箱子)信息

  • 拖车和封条编号(仅限货车荷载货件)

  • 如果未让驾驶员计数或检查货件内容即装载、锁定和密封拖车,则在提货单上打印“货主装载和计数”或“SLC”。

  • 正确的托拍和箱子计数数量

  • 运费期限

在运输集装箱或托拍标签上注明提货单号。这能在送达亚马逊运营中心时进行快速货运验证。

海运整箱装载 (FCL) 货件

如果海运整箱装载 (FCL) 货件可以安全卸载且不会在运输过程中造成商品损坏,亚马逊运营中心将接受这类货件。您可以下载“亚马逊物流海运集装箱预处理指南”(英语版和简体中文版),以便打印并提供给供应商或工厂,或者自己参阅。

安排送货

确保您的承运人掌握您货件的准确提货单号。大部分货件信息都可在标准化货件创建流程的【一览】页面上找到。向您的承运人提供承运人用户手册。

您的承运人需要通过承运人平台安排送货预约。有关更多信息,请参阅有关汽运零担 (LTL) 和整车运输 (FTL) 货件的承运人要求。


 亚马逊官网原文详情:

Seller requirements for LTL, FTL, and FCL deliveries

On this page, you will learn what is required of you, the FBA seller, for less than truckload (LTL) and full truckload (FTL) deliveries to Amazon fulfillment centers. You’ll also be able to download help guides for ocean full container load (FCL) deliveries.

Important: Below are the requirements for LTL/FTL deliveries to Amazon fulfillment centers. Following these guidelines, and making sure that your carriers and suppliers follow them, will help:

  • Ensure that your shipments are accepted

  • Enable the most efficient and accurate unloading, receipt and storage of your inventory

  • Prevent you from having to remove or dispose of, or pay additional fees for, shipments that don't meet these guidelines

Related guidelines

  • For additional requirements for LTL and FTL shipments, see Carrier requirements for LTL and FTL deliveries and Floor Loading Policy.

  • For weight, dimension, and shipment packing requirements, see Shipping and routing requirements.

  • For smaller shipments, see Small parcel delivery to Amazon.

  • For ocean full container load (FCL) shipments, download these help guides (English and Chinese).

  • For additional information about Amazon Partnered Carriers, see Amazon Partnered Carrier options.

Box limits

A single LTL shipment cannot exceed 5,000 boxes. To ship more than 5,000 boxes, you must create a second shipment.

Pallet requirements

  • Use 40 x 48 inches, 4-way access wooden pallets. Do not ship units on pallets made of weak material such as plastic, cardboard or particle board.

  • If a single, large unit cannot fit on a 40 x 48 inches pallet without overhanging the edges, use a pallet size and type that is suitable for the unit.

  • Ship units on GMA Standard B Grade or higher pallets. Regardless of the material (lumber, plywood, composite, etc.), GMA Standard B Grade pallets have:

    • 6 or 7 boards on top, depending on board width

    • No less than 4 boards on bottom

    • Stringers for added support

    • 4-way entry

    • No block repairs to stringers

  • Ship Grocery products on GMA 1A Grade pallets only. GMA 1A Grade pallets have:

    • 7 boards on top

    • 5 boards on bottom

    • Stringers for added support

    • 4-way entry

    • No block repairs to stringers

  • Only GMA 1A and 1B Grade pallets are acceptable for Health & Personal Care and Beauty products. GMA 1B Grade pallets have:

    • 6 or 7 boards on top, depending on board width

    • No less than 4 boards on bottom

    • Stringers for added support

    • 4-way entry

    • Only 1 stringer may have a plug or other type of repair

  • Ship only on pallets that are in good condition.

  • Broken and damaged pallets are not acceptable and may be rejected at the seller's expense.

Build pallets

All partnered carrier shipments not delivered by small parcel carriers must be loaded on pallets. For non-partnered carrier shipments that cannot be sent on pallets and need to be floor loaded, see the Floor Loading Policy.

Follow these guidelines when stacking boxes on your pallet:

  • When shipping multiple ASINs on a pallet, physically separate the ASINs so that they are easy to differentiate upon receipt.

  • Any guidelines shown on the box packaging must be followed, such as stack height maximums, box orientation requirements, and handling restrictions.

  • Build pallets with the FBA box ID labels facing outwards to allow each barcode on the box to be scanned without breaking down the pallet.

  • Stack boxes on pallets so that they are stable and flush on all sides. Brick stacking, with heaviest items on the bottom, is recommended.

  • For single ASIN pallets, all boxes must be stacked the same way (i.e. horizontal or vertical). Boxes can still be turned in different directions, but they all must be stacked in the same way.

  • Pallets ideally have a pack height no higher than 50 inches (45 inches for boxes and 5 inches for pallet) and are stackable, as this is space efficient and maximizes trailer space. Non-stackable pallets cannot exceed 72 inches in height and are less space efficient.

How to build a pallet

Each carton on the pallet must comply with Amazon's shipment packaging requirements.

Assembly: The units on each pallet must all belong to one shipment ID. Place shipping boxes that are intended to be sold together, such as a set, and that weigh more than 100 lb on a single pallet (one sellable unit on each) or clamp them together. Single, non-clampable shipping boxes or units, such as furniture, that weigh more than 100 lb, are more than 80 inches long, or are more than 30 inches wide should be placed on their own pallet.

Weight and height: Total weight of the pallet must not exceed 1,500 lb. Single pallets must not be higher than 72 inches, including the height of the pallet, unless a single unit is taller than 72 inches. A single pallet can be up to 98 inches, including the height of the pallet, if it conforms to the "clampable" instructions outlined in the Floor Loading Policy. A single pallet that is 98 inches will be “squeezed” and split into two pallets by a clamp truck so the units can be received.

Note: Single pallets sent with an Amazon partnered carrier must be no higher than 72 inches on 40 x 48 inch pallets. To maximize freight efficiency, pallets should be stackable and no higher than 100 inches (50 inches per pallet). For more information, see Amazon Partnered Carrier options.

Stacking and wrapping: Stage boxes using only standard pallet stacking requirements. Do not bundle shipping boxes using bags, elastic, or extra straps. The contents must not overhang the pallet edge.

All pallets must be wrapped multiple times in clear plastic stretch wrap with a "do not break stretch wrap" or "do not break down" notification to the carrier. The stretch wrap must completely hold the product to the pallet to prevent shifting during transit. The stretch wrap must wrap from the top of the stack, down to and including the pallet. The stretch wrap should not be used to stabilize the load on the pallet; the contents should be stable once the stretch wrap is removed.

Labeling: Every box on the shipment must have a unique FBA box ID label that complies with Amazon's shipment label requirements. Wrapped pallets must have FBA pallet labels placed on all four sides on the outside of the stretch wrap.

Loading: The overall height of the pallets must allow 6 inches of clearance from the top of the stack to the roof of the container. Allow for at least 3 inches between pallets and walls while in transit by using air bags to ensure stability, non-metal straps, or a safety net to prevent the load from shifting or falling. Allow for at least 8 inches of clearance from the last row of pallets to container doors to engage a dock leveler.

Double-stacked pallets

Amazon fulfillment centers accept double-stacked pallets provided they are safe to load and unload and do not cause product damage during transit. You can double stack pallets as needed to maximize freight efficiency. Follow the above guidelines as well as the following for double-stacked pallets:

  • Two stacked pallets cannot exceed 100.00 inches total in height (50.00 inches per pallet stack)

  • Allow for at least 6 inches of space from the top of the pallet to the container ceiling to allow for the safe unloading of pallets with a forklift.

  • Stack boxes evenly and squarely from corner to corner and do not allow boxes to overhang the pallet edge.

  • Boxes should be stacked in rotating layers to ensure stack stability.

  • Brick stacking; heavy boxes should be on the bottom stack layers and pallets to prevent lighter boxes from being crushed or damaged.

  • The sides and top of the stacked boxes are flush to ensure stack stability.

  • Stack pallets with adequate space to allow for unloading.

  • Stacked pallets should have the weight and box stacks centered to ensure stability and to prevent the pallets from leaning or falling during transit.


Pallet label requirements

  • Place FBA pallet labels on all four sides of the pallet on the outside of the stretch wrap.

  • Affix FBA pallet labels to each pallet (four per pallet, one on each side in the top center) and FBA box ID labels to each box on the pallet. You can print FBA box ID and pallet labels from the Prepare shipment page.

  • Place labels squarely (not on an angle) on all four sides of the pallet so that the forklift driver can see them when approaching with the forklift to lift the pallet.

  • Label the pallet “Single ASIN Pallet” if it contains only one ASIN.

  • When shipping multiple SKUs on a pallet, physically separate the SKUs, so they are easy to tell apart when received at the fulfillment center. See the special pallet labeling requirements below.

Important:

When sending your shipment to a local fulfillment center under the Amazon Freight program, there are additional sets of four Amazon carrier pallet ID labels required. Place a copy of the same label on all four sides of the pallet with your FBA pallet label. Make sure that all labels on each pallet have the same “Pallet Count” number. For more information, see Amazon Freight.

Special pallet label requirements for product types

Include the following information on labels when it applies:

LabelApplies to:
Team LiftSingle-unit boxes that exceed 50 lb*
Mech LiftSingle-unit boxes that exceed 100 lb*
Mixed SKUPallets and boxes that contain more than one type of sellable unit (different SKU or condition)
Sold as setSellable units that consist of multiple products that are intended to be sold as a single SKU. Whenever possible, wrap units belonging in a set together within the box to prevent them from being separated.


Important: Boxes must not exceed the standard weight limit of 50 lb, unless they contain a single oversize unit that exceeds 50 lb. Box weight and dimension policies are strictly enforced. Sending overweight or oversize boxes to the fulfillment center may lead to blocking of future shipments. For more information, see Shipping and routing requirements.

For more information about specific product categories that require specialized prep, see Packaging and prep requirements.

Bills of lading (BOLs)

For each LTL/FTL shipment you create in your shipping queue, you must provide a valid bill of lading (BOL) to the carrier, so it can schedule a delivery appointment. Shipment BOLs that do not meet the requirements listed below will be refused upon delivery. For Amazon partnered LTL/FTL shipments, a BOL will be generated on the morning of the pickup date and is available in the Track Shipment tab of the Shipment Summary. You can additionally download a blank BOL to fill in for your partnered carrier shipment here.

Follow these guidelines when filling out the BOL form provided by your carrier. Information must be printed, NOT handwritten. We encourage use of a standard BOL template, which helps ensure that your shipment is easy to identify and received in a timely manner. If your carrier does not provide a template, make sure your BOL includes the following information:

  • All Amazon Reference IDs and Shipment IDs contained in the shipment. You can find these in the Summary of the Shipment Creation Workflow.

  • Seller name

  • From address (street address, city, state, ZIP code)

  • Legal name of the seller

  • Carrier name and standard carrier alpha code (SCAC)

  • Carrier's shippers reference number (PRO#)

  • Handling unit quantity (pallet, box, each) information

  • Trailer and seal number (truckload shipment only)

  • "Shipper load and count" or "SLC" if the trailer is loaded, locked, and sealed without enabling the driver to count or inspect the shipment contents

  • Correct pallet and box count quantities

  • Freight charge terms

Include the BOL number on the shipping container or pallet label. This allows for quick freight verification upon delivery to the Amazon fulfillment center.

Ocean full container load (FCL) shipments

Amazon fulfillment centers accept ocean full container load (FCL) shipments provided they are safe to unload and do not cause product damage during transit. Download the FBA Ocean Container Preparation Guidelines (English and Chinese versions) to print out and share with your supplier or factory, or for yourself.

Scheduling a delivery

Ensure your carrier has an accurate BOL for your shipment. Most of the shipment information is found in the Summary page of the shipment creation workflow. Provide your carrier with the User Manual for Carriers.

Your carrier will need to schedule a delivery appointment through Carrier Central. For more information, see Carrier requirements for Less than Truckload (LTL) and Full Truckload (FTL) deliveries.

 文章来源:亚马逊官方网站