危险品所需信息和文件(危险物质)

发布新的亚马逊物流 (FBA) 商品时,必须向亚马逊提供危险品(危险物质)的具体信息。

创建商品信息后,我们可能需要您提供安全数据表 (SDS) 或产品成分信息表。如不提供必需的信息和文件,则可能导致货件延迟和买家配送取消。

要上传安全数据表或产品成分信息表,请转至上传危险品文件工具。有关危险品的更多信息,请观看以下卖家大学视频: 危险品简介和危险品意识。

重要: 即使您的商品不属于受管制危险品,我们也建议您在创建商品时提供任何可用的危险品信息或文件。这有助于减少任何处理延迟。

在本页面,您将了解:

新商品

创建和转换亚马逊物流商品时所需的危险品信息,以及如何提供此类信息


现有商品将商品转换为亚马逊物流商品后可能需要提供的危险品文件:安全数据表和产品成分信息表

新商品

创建亚马逊物流商品或将商品转换为由亚马逊物流配送时,您必须为电池和属于受管制危险品的商品提供危险品信息。(首先点击工作流程中的【添加危险品信息】。) 请务必提供准确且完整的信息,以便您的商品能归入正确分类并可正常销售。

电池的必填信息

在【电池信息】下,告诉我们您的商品是电池还是使用电池。如果您回答【是】,则需要更多信息,如下所述。

电池如何在商品上使用?

从下拉菜单选择以下其中一项:

  • 【独立电池】 - 如果商品是独立电池(如笔记本电脑电池更换件)或与不由其提供电力的商品一同销售(如与充电器一同销售的手机备用电池),请选择此项。外部电池充电器(如移动电源)属于电池。

  • 【电池与设备包装在一起】 - 如果电池随附在由其提供电力的设备的包装中,但未组装在设备内部,请选择此项。例如,包装中附带可拆卸电池的手机。

  • 【电池安装在设备上】 - 如果电池预装或组装在商品内(如 Kindle 平板电脑),请选择此项。

  • 【单独销售】 - 如果电池未随附在产品包装中,请选择此项。

电池成分

从下拉菜单中选择电池成分(例如:碱性、锂离子)。此信息通常印在电池本身或其包装上。

如果您的电池商品使用电池,则可能是危险品,需要提供以下部分或全部信息:

电池类型/尺寸

从下拉菜单中选择电池类型(例如: AAA、CR123A)。此信息通常印在电池本身或其包装上。如果您不知道电池类型,请选择【未知】。

电池数量

请输入电池的总数量,包括备用电池。

电池重量(克)

请输入商品随附的所有电池的总重量(以克为单位)。这是指独立电池或是从包装或可能使用电池的任何设备中取出的电池的重量。

电池组的电池单元数

请输入电池单元的总数量,包括备件。

注意: “电池单元”是具有正负两端的单个蓄电单元。“电池”是指构成单个组件的两个或多个电池单元。例如,电视遥控器通常使用两个 AA 电池单元,这两个电池单元装在遥控器后面的电池盒中。此外,一个笔记本电脑电池可能有六个电池单元,这些电池单元封装在电池的塑料外壳内。对于包含多个电池单元的电池,通常可在电池包装上或制造商的技术信息中找到电池单元数量信息。

锂电池包装

请从下拉菜单中选择正确的配置,以说明电池如何与设备包装在一起(如电池安装在设备上)。

每个电池的瓦时数

如果您的商品是锂离子电池、包含锂离子电池或与锂离子电池一同销售,请输入每个电池的瓦时 (Wh) 额定值。此信息通常印在电池本身、电池包装或制造商的技术文档中。

注意: 如果上述部分未印出瓦时数,您可以根据电池电压 (V) 和安时 (Ah) 额定值计算出瓦时数。电池电压和安时额定值通常也印在电池本身、其外包装或制造商的文档中。计算瓦时数时应使用电池的额定电压(通常仅显示为“电压”),不要将其与“输入电压”、“输出电压”或“最高充电电压”混淆。计算商品的瓦时数

锂含量(克)

如果您的商品是锂金属电池、包含锂金属电池或与锂金属电池一同销售,请输入锂含量(以克为单位)。通常可在制造商的技术信息中找到此信息。

注意: 对于此条目,必须始终使用制造商提供的锂含量(如有)。如果制造商无法提供此信息,您还可以根据每个电池单元的安时 (Ah) 额定值(如已知)计算等效锂含量。计算您商品的锂含量

有关更多信息,请观看卖家大学中有关电池问题的帮助。

危险品法规所需信息

在【商品法规信息】下,告诉我们您的商品是否属于在运输、仓储、废弃处置方面受到管制的危险品或危险物质,还是上述三种情况皆有。如果您的商品不属于危险品(危险物质),请回答【否】。

如果您回答【是】,请从【指明类型】下拉菜单中选择适用项。根据您选择的内容,需要在下方提供更多信息(如果您回答【不确定】,这也同样适用)。此信息可以包括以下全部或部分内容:

联合国危险货物编号

可在安全数据表 (SDS) 中找到此信息,也可向制造商获取此信息。在编号前注明“UN”(例如 UN1266),中间不得有任何空格。

商品重量(千克)

输入重量,单位为千克 (1 lb = 0.45 kg)。

商品容积(毫升)

输入气体或液体的体积(单位:毫升)(1 fl oz = 29.6 ml)。

分类/GHS 图形符号

如果您的商品被 GHS/CLP 标准视为危险品(危险物质),请选择商品包装或 SDS 上显示的每个图形符号。(GHS 代表全球统一分类制度,而 CLP 是分类、贴标和包装。)

有关 GHS/CLP 图形符号示例,请访问危险品(危险物质)识别指南。要了解有关 GHS 的更多信息,请参阅美国职业安全和健康管理局 (OSHA) 网站。

此外,请提供以下信息(如有):

  • 安全数据表 URL。 您可以向制造商索取商品的安全数据表。更多安全数据表信息如下。

  • 燃点。 商品的燃点决定其易燃性。请指明您商品的燃点,以摄氏度 (ºC) 为单位。可在安全数据表中找到此信息,也可向制造商获取此信息。

创建商品或将商品转换为亚马逊物流商品后,审核流程需要 4 个工作日。请参阅亚马逊物流危险品审核流程了解更多信息。

使用【查找 ASIN】 工具查看您的亚马逊物流 ASIN 的分类状态。

我的商品属于危险品吗?

您要怎样处理?

 查找 ASIN

 危险品常见问题

下一页

上传安全数据表 (SDS) 和产品成分信息表并追踪其状态

重要: 如果上述要求的信息缺失,则无法创建商品信息或将商品信息转换为亚马逊物流商品。此外,如果提供的信息不完整、不准确或相互冲突,您的商品可能会被冻结无法销售,且需要提供更多信息(请参阅以下部分)。

现有商品

危险品团队会审核每个转换为亚马逊物流的 ASIN(如果商品被认定为潜在危险品)。

对于具有完整并正确的危险品信息的商品,我们将在四个工作日内对其进行审核和分类。(工作日为周一至周五,不包括节假日。) 信息不完整、不准确或相互冲突的商品可能会被冻结,无法通过亚马逊物流进行销售。

为确保您的商品正确分类,您可能需要提供以下一份或两份文件:

  • 安全数据表: 如果您未上传安全数据表、您上传的数据表不合要求或其中的信息相互矛盾,请向制造商索取完整且正确的安全数据表并上传。如果您的商品不含任何有害化学品(例如酒精、酸、钠)但您无法获得安全数据表,请上传产品成分信息表。

  • 产品成分信息表: 如果您未提供完整且准确的信息,请上传电池和电池驱动商品或不含有害化学品的商品的产品成分信息表。

亚马逊会定期审核运营中心内可能属于受管制危险品的商品,以确保货件符合法规和安全标准。如果发现您的商品缺少完整的危险品信息,我们会要求您提交安全数据表或产品成分信息表。

重要: 如果您的商品被认定为潜在危险品,而库存已储存在亚马逊运营中心,我们将通过电子邮件通知您。您需要在 14 个工作日内提供所要求的文件。如果在此期间未提供相关文件,我们将弃置库存,费用由您承担。

请参阅危险品(危险物质)审核流程。

安全数据表

安全数据表(也称为 SDS,以前称为材料安全数据表)包含由制造商或进口商准备的 16 个部分。安全数据表描述商品的物理和化学属性、对身体和健康的危害、接触途径、安全处理和使用的注意事项、急救方法以及控制措施。

安全数据表让亚马逊能够:

  • 确定您的商品是否属于受管制危险品

  • 对您的商品进行正确分类,确定其是否属于危险品(分类决定着商品的储存和运输方式)

  • 在商品于运营中心发生泄露或溢出时确定正确的处理和弃置措施

  • 确认您的商品是否为非管制品

要符合要求,安全数据表必须:

  • 在过去五年内创建或有过更新

  • 包含新的 GHS/CLP 危险品识别信息

  • 与您的商品信息相符

    • 商品名称(即详情页面上显示的商品名称)与安全数据表上显示的商品名称相同

    • 安全数据表上商品的制造商或品牌名称与详情页面上显示的名称相同

  • 包含标准安全数据表的所有 16 个部分

有关更多信息,请观看卖家大学视频提交安全数据表。

上传安全数据表

要上传安全数据表,请转至上传危险品文件工具。危险品团队将在 4 个工作日内审核您的安全数据表。

为避免分类延迟,请确保您的安全数据表符合上述要求。使用上方的【查找 ASIN】工具检查您的商品状态。

重要: 如果您的商品是捆绑商品或包含多个化学商品的套件,那么您必须为捆绑商品或套件中的每个商品提供安全数据表。

产品成分信息表

对于不要求提供安全数据表的商品,产品成分信息表仅适用于以下两个分类:

  • 电池和电池驱动商品

  • 不含有害化学品的商品

重要: 如果您为不属于这两个分类的商品提交产品成分信息表,则该表将被拒绝。请务必完整且正确填写您的产品成分信息表,以确保其被接受。危险品团队将在四个工作日内审核您的产品成分信息表。

上传产品成分信息表

首先,查找有关您商品分类的信息:

  • 电池和电池驱动商品。 查看商品包装、商品手册或电池本身,找到具体的电池信息(如瓦时和电压)。有关锂电池的更多信息,请参阅针对锂电池或附带锂电池的商品的要求。

  • 不含有害化学品的商品。 查看商品包装或商品本身,以找到特定信息,如成分、图形符号或警告语。

接下来,转至上传危险品文件工具并按照以下步骤下载相应的产品成分信息表:

  1. 在页面右侧,找到产品成分信息表的首选语言。

  2. 点击【电池和电池驱动商品的产品成分信息表】或点击【不含有害化学品的商品的产品成分信息表】。

  3. 下载模板后,请填写以红色突出显示的所有单元格。根据您的回答,更多单元格可能会变为红色。也请填写这些单元格。

  4. 将该文件保存到您的电脑上。

    注意: 信息不完整或相互冲突的文档无法保存。如果出现错误,请更正错误,然后保存文件。

  1. 上传文件。


 亚马逊官网原文详情:

Dangerous goods required information and documentation (hazmat)

Specific dangerous goods (hazmat) information must be provided to Amazon when you list a new product on Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA).

After your listing is created, we may require a safety data sheet (SDS) or exemption sheet from you. Not providing required information and documentation can result in delayed shipments and canceled customer deliveries.

To upload an SDS or exemption sheet, go to the upload dangerous goods documents tool. For more information on dangerous goods, watch these Seller University videos: Intro to Dangerous Goods and Dangerous Goods Awareness.

Important: Even if your product is not regulated as a dangerous good, we recommend that you provide any available dangerous goods information or documentation when you create your offer. This will help reduce any delays in processing.

On this page, you’ll learn about:

New listings

Dangerous goods information required during FBA listing creation and conversion, and how to provide this information


Existing listingsDangerous goods documentation that may be required after your listing has been converted to FBA: safety data sheets and exemption sheets

New listings

When creating or converting a listing for FBA, you must include dangerous goods information for both batteries and products regulated as dangerous goods. (Start by clicking Add dangerous goods information in the workflow.) Make sure to provide accurate and complete information so that your product is properly classified and not blocked for sale.

Required information for batteries

Under Battery information, tell us whether your product is a battery or uses batteries. If you answer Yes, more information will be required, as outlined below.

How are batteries utilized with this product?

Select one of the following from the drop-down menu:

  • Battery if the product is a standalone battery (for example, replacement laptop battery) or if the battery is sold with items that it doesn’t power (for example, spare cell phone battery sold with a charger). External battery chargers (such as power banks) are considered batteries.

  • Packed with if the battery is packed with, but not inside, the device that it powers. For example, a cell phone with the removable battery packed alongside the phone.

  • Contained in if the battery is pre-installed or assembled in the item (for example, Kindle tablet).

  • Sold separately if the battery is not included in the product’s package.

Battery composition

Select the battery composition from the drop-down menu (examples: alkaline, lithium-ion). This information is usually printed on the battery itself or on its packaging.

If your battery product uses batteries, it may be a dangerous good that requires some or all of the following information:

Battery type/size

Select the type of battery from the drop-down menu (examples: AAA, CR123A). This information is usually printed on the battery itself or on its packaging. If you don’t know the battery type, select Unknown.

Number of batteries

Enter the total number of batteries, including spares.

Battery weight (grams)

Enter the total weight of all batteries included, in grams. This is the weight of the standalone battery or batteries weighed outside the packaging, or any device that it may be used in.

Cells per battery

Enter the total number of cells, including spares.

Note: A “cell” is a single electrical storage unit with one positive and one negative end. A “battery” is two or more cells that form a single component. For example, a TV remote will commonly use two AA cells installed in the back compartment. Additionally, a single laptop battery may have six cells within the plastic casing of the battery. Cell count information for multi-cells batteries can often be found on the packaging of the battery or in the manufacturer’s technical information.

Lithium battery packaging

Select the correct configuration from the drop-down menu describing how the battery is packaged in relation to the device (for example, batteries contained in equipment).

Watt-hours per battery

If your product is, contains or is sold with a lithium-ion battery, enter the watt-hour (Wh) rating per battery. This information is usually printed on the battery itself, on its packaging, or in the manufacturer’s technical documentation.

Note: When watt-hours is not printed, it can be calculated from the battery voltage (V) and amp-hour (Ah) rating, also commonly printed on the battery, the outer packaging, or in the manufacturer’s documentation. The voltage to be used when calculating watt-hours is the nominal voltage of the battery (commonly printed as simply “voltage”), not to be confused with the input voltage, output voltage, or max charging voltage. Calculate the watt-hours of your product

Lithium content (grams)

If your product is, contains, or is sold with a lithium-metal battery, enter the lithium content, in grams. This information can usually be found in the manufacturer’s technical information.

Note: Lithium content supplied by the manufacturer must always be used for this entry, if available. If the manufacturer can’t supply this information, an equivalent lithium content can also be calculated if the amp-hour (Ah) rating per cell is known. Calculate the lithium content of your product

For more information, watch Help with Battery Questions in Seller University.

Required information for dangerous goods regulations

Under Product regulation information, tell us whether your product is considered a dangerous good or hazardous material regulated for transportation, storage, waste, or all three. If your product is not considered a dangerous good or hazmat, answer No.

If you answer Yes, select whatever applies from the Indicate type drop-down menu. Based on what you select, more information will be required below (this also applies if you answer Not sure). This information can include all or some of the following:

UN number

This information can be found on the safety data sheet (SDS) or obtained from the manufacturer. Include “UN” before the number (for example, UN1266), without any spaces in between.

Product weight (kilograms)

Enter the weight in kilograms (1 lb = 0.45 kg).

Product volume (milliliters)

Enter volume in milliliters for a gas or liquid (1 fl oz = 29.6 ml).

Categorization/GHS pictograms

If your product is considered a dangerous good or hazmat by GHS/CLP standards, select each pictogram that appears on your product’s packaging or SDS. (GHS stands for Globally Harmonized System of Classification, while CLP is Classification, Labeling, and Packaging.)

For examples of GHS/CLP pictograms, visit Dangerous goods identification guide (hazmat). To learn more about GHS, also see the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) website.

If available, also provide the following information:

  • Safety data sheet URL. The SDS of your product can be obtained from the manufacturer. More SDS information is below.

  • Flash point. The flash point of a product determines its flammability. Indicate the flash point of your product in Celsius (ºC). This information can be found on the SDS or can be procured from the manufacturer.

Once your product is created or converted to FBA, the review process takes four business days. For more information, see FBA dangerous goods review process.

Use the Look up an ASIN tool to check the classification status of your FBA ASIN.

Check if a product is a dangerous good

 Look up an ASIN

 Dangerous Goods FAQ

Next

Upload and track the status of your safety data sheets (SDS) and exemption sheets

Important: If the information requested above is missing, a product listing cannot be created or converted to FBA. Also, if the provided information is incomplete, inaccurate, or conflicting, your product may be blocked for sale and more information will be required (see section below).

Existing listings

The Dangerous Goods team reviews each ASIN converted to FBA if the product is identified as a possible dangerous good.

Products with complete and correct dangerous goods information will be reviewed and classified within four business days. (Business days are Monday through Friday, excluding public holidays.) Products with incomplete, inaccurate, or conflicting information may be blocked for sale through FBA.

To ensure that your product is classified correctly, one or both of the following documents might also be required:

  • A safety data sheet: If you haven't uploaded an SDS, the one that you uploaded is not valid, or the information in it is contradictory, obtain a complete and correct SDS from the manufacturer and upload it. If your product does not contain any harmful chemicals (for example, alcohol, acid, and sodium) and you can’t obtain an SDS, upload an exemption sheet.

  • Exemption sheet: If you haven't provided complete and accurate information, upload an exemption sheet for either batteries and battery-powered products or for products without harmful chemicals.

Amazon regularly reviews products in our fulfillment centers that may be regulated as dangerous goods to ensure that shipments comply with regulations and safety standards. If your product is found to be missing complete dangerous goods information, we’ll ask you to submit either an SDS or exemption sheet.

Important: If your product is identified as a possible dangerous good while inventory is already in an Amazon fulfillment center, we will notify you by email. You will have 14 business days to provide the requested documentation. If the documentation is not provided during this period, the inventory will be disposed of, at your expense.

For more information, see Dangerous goods review process (hazmat).

Safety data sheets

A safety data sheet (or SDS, previously known as a material safety data sheet) contains 16 sections prepared by the manufacturer or importer. An SDS describes a product’s physical and chemical properties, physical and health hazards, routes of exposure, precautions for safe handling and use, emergency and first-aid procedures, and control measures.

An SDS enables Amazon to:

  • Determine whether your products are regulated as dangerous goods

  • Correctly classify your products as either dangerous goods or non-dangerous goods (the classification determines how products are stored and transported)

  • Determine the correct handling and disposal measures if a product spills or leaks at a fulfillment center

  • Confirm your products as non-regulated goods

To be compliant, an SDS must:

  • Be created or updated within the past five years

  • Include new GHS/CLP hazard identification information

  • Match your product listing

    • Listing title (the product name, as it appears on the detail page) is the same as the product name shown on the SDS

    • Manufacturer or brand name of your product on the SDS is the same as what appears on the detail page

  • Include all 16 standard SDS sections

For more information, watch the Seller University video Submitting Safety Data Sheets.

Uploading safety data sheets

To upload an SDS, go to the upload dangerous goods documents tool. The Dangerous Goods team will review your SDS within four business days.

To avoid classification delays, make sure that your SDS complies with the requirements listed above. Use the Look up an ASIN tool above to check the status of your product.

Important: If your listing is a bundle or a kit with multiple chemical-based products, you must provide an SDS for each product within the bundle or kit.

Exemption sheets

For products that don’t require an SDS, an exemption sheet is acceptable for these two categories only:

  • Battery and battery-powered products

  • Products without harmful chemicals

Important: If you submit an exemption sheet for products not in these two categories, it will be rejected. Be sure to fill in your exemption sheet completely and correctly to ensure that it’s accepted. The Dangerous Goods team will review your exemption sheet within four business days.

Uploading exemption sheets

First, find information for your product’s category:

  • Battery and battery-powered products. Review the product packaging, the product manual, or the battery itself to find specific battery information such as watt-hours and voltage. For more information on lithium batteries, see Requirements for lithium batteries and products that contain lithium batteries.

  • Products without harmful chemicals. Review the product packaging or the product itself to find specific information such as ingredients, pictograms, or warning phrases.

Next, go to the upload dangerous goods documents tool and follow these steps to download the appropriate exemption sheet:

  1. On the right side of the page, find your preferred language for the exemption sheet.

  2. Click either Exemption sheet for battery and battery-powered products or Exemption sheet for products without harmful chemicals.

  3. After the template has downloaded, fill in all cells highlighted in red. Depending on your answers, further cells may turn red. Fill in those cells too.

  4. Save the document on your computer.

    Note: Documents with incomplete or conflicting information cannot be saved. If there are errors, correct them and then save the document.

  1. Upload the document.

 文章来源:亚马逊官方网站