针对锂电池和附带锂电池的商品的要求

锂电池应用广泛,并具有以下特征:

  • 使用寿命长

  • 无记忆效应(其最大电能容量不会减少)

  • 不使用时,电量损耗慢

锂电池虽然实用,但也可能十分危险。如果发生残损、掉落、短路或者受到挤压,锂电池会释放大量热量造成危险并有可能燃烧。受热时,锂电池也十分危险。出于这些原因,锂电池务必遵守特定的运输要求

因此,在创建商品或将商品转换为亚马逊物流商品时,请务必为其提供所有电池相关信息。如果您提供的电池信息不完整、不准确或者在某些方面存在冲突,则您的商品可能会禁止通过亚马逊物流销售,并且您需要通过上传危险品文档工具提交电池产品成分信息表。有关电池所需文档的更多信息,请参阅所需的危险品信息和文档。

另请观看卖家大学中关于电池的视频:

电池销售标准

危险品介绍

什么是 UN 38.3 电池测试摘要

有关李巴特 38.3 的信息

使用查找 ASIN 工具查看您的亚马逊物流 ASIN 的分类状态。

我的商品属于危险品吗?

您要怎样处理?

 查找 ASIN

 危险品常见问题

下一页

上传安全数据表 (SDS) 和产品成分信息表并追踪其状态

重要: 除了符合针对危险品的要求外,锂电池商品可能还必须符合其他要求。请务必访问召回和商品安全页面以了解详情。

如何知道我的商品是否包含锂电池?

包含锂电池的商品没有特定标签或标志可供识别。但是,您可以查看电池(电池上通常印有电池成分)或参阅制造商的文档(如商品手册)轻松判断是否包含锂电池。您也可以联系供应商了解关于您商品的更多信息。

锂电池的类型

锂电池有许多不同类型。以下是三种主要类型。

有关更多信息,请参阅国际航空运输协会网站上的锂电池。如需了解有关如何以适当方式运输电池的交互式资源,请参阅此美国联邦航空管理局指南。

锂离子电池

锂离子电池(又称 Li-ion 或 LIB 电池)使用锂化合物作为电极材料,可充电。锂离子电池广泛应用于各种便携式电子产品,如手机、笔记本电脑、平板电脑、MP3 播放器、相机等。

锂金属电池

锂金属电池使用锂金属作为正极材料,通常不能充电。这种电池有不同的形状和形式,其中包括手表用的扁圆形电池。它们也常常用于计算器或手电筒等产品中。

锂离子聚合物电池

锂离子聚合物电池通常称为锂聚合物电池(Li-poly、Li-Pol、LIP、PLI 或 LiP),是可充电电池,一般由多个相同的副电池并联组成。它们用在一些便携式电子产品中,属于锂离子电池系列。

关于锂离子电池的法规

锂电池务必遵守特定的运输要求,无一例外。锂离子电池存储的能量含量极高,这正是亚马逊不配送某些锂离子电池商品的原因。某款锂离子电池能否通过亚马逊配送取决于其能量含量(以瓦时 [Wh] 为单位),不同国家商城的要求也有所差异,如下所示:

锂离子电池 - 亚马逊政策能量含量(瓦时 Wh)地区/国家亚马逊批准还是禁止?
0 Wh - 100 Wh澳大利亚【已批准】
巴西【已批准】

加拿大【已批准】

中国【已批准】

欧洲【已批准】

印度【已批准】

日本【已批准】

墨西哥【已批准】

中东【已批准】

新加坡【已批准】

土耳其【已批准】

美国【已批准】

101 Wh - 300 Wh澳大利亚【已拒绝】
巴西【已拒绝】

加拿大【已拒绝】

中国【已拒绝】

欧洲【已拒绝】

印度【已批准】

日本【已批准】

墨西哥【已拒绝】

中东【已拒绝】

新加坡【已拒绝】

土耳其【已拒绝】

美国【已批准】

大于 301 Wh澳大利亚【已拒绝】
巴西【已拒绝】

加拿大【已拒绝】

中国【已拒绝】

欧洲【已拒绝】

印度【已批准】

日本【已批准】

墨西哥【已拒绝】

中东【已拒绝】

新加坡【已拒绝】

土耳其【已拒绝】

美国【已拒绝】

瓦时信息通常印在电池上、电池包装上或制造商的技术文档中。

如果上述部分未印有瓦时数,您可以根据电池电压 (V) 和安时 (Ah) 额定值计算出瓦时数,而电池电压和安时额定值通常也印在电池上、其外包装上或制造商的文档中。计算瓦时数时,应使用电池的标称电压(通常仅显示为“电压”),不要将其与“输入电压”、“输出电压”或“最高充电电压”混淆。计算商品的瓦时数

联合国测试一览要求

自 2020 年 1 月 1 日起,UN 38.3 要求锂电池制造商和分销商按要求提供一份被称作锂电池测试一览的文件。此要求将通过特定国家/地区的法规强制执行。

制造完成后,所有锂电池和锂电池商品必须经过一系列标准化测试,以确认其可安全使用和运输。锂电池测试一览汇总了这些测试要求。

为了遵守此法规,亚马逊要求所有卖家在 ASIN 设置中上传测试一览。

有关更多信息,请下载国际航空运输协会的锂电池指南(仅提供英文版)。


 亚马逊官网原文详情:

Requirements for lithium batteries and products that are shipped with lithium batteries

Lithium batteries are widely used and characterized by:

  • Long life

  • No memory effect (they don't lose their maximum energy capacity)

  • Slow loss of charge when not in use

While useful, they can also be dangerous. If damaged, dropped, crushed, or short-circuited, they can release dangerous amounts of heat and may ignite. They are also dangerous when exposed to heat. For these reasons, lithium batteries are always subject to specific transport requirements.

It is therefore extremely important that you provide all battery related information for your product right from its creation or conversion to FBA. If the battery information you provide is incomplete, inaccurate or otherwise conflicting, your product may be blocked for sale through Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) and you will need to submit a battery exemption sheet through the Upload dangerous goods documents tool. For more information about the required battery documentation, see Required dangerous good information and documentation.

Watch also the battery videos in Seller University:

Battery Selling Standards

Dangerous Goods Awareness

What is a UN 38.3 Battery Test Summary

Information about Li-Batt 38.3

Use the Look up an ASIN tool to check the classification status of your FBA ASIN.

Check if a product is a dangerous good

 Look up an ASIN

 Dangerous Goods FAQ

Next

Upload and track the status of your safety data sheets (SDS) and exemption sheets

Important: Lithium battery products may be subject to further requirements in addition to dangerous goods ones. Make sure to visit the Recalls & Product Safety page.

How do I know if my product contains a lithium battery?

Products containing lithium batteries do not have a specific sticker or symbol allowing you to recognize them. You can however easily recognize them by either looking at the battery itself (the battery composition is generally printed on the battery) or by reading the manufacturer’s documentation (e.g., product manual). You can also contact the supplier to learn more about your product.

Types of lithium batteries

There are many different types of lithium batteries. The three main types are described here.

For more information, see Lithium Batteries on the International Air Transport Association (IATA) website. For an interactive resource on how to properly ship batteries, see this Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) guide.

Lithium-ion batteries

Lithium-ion batteries (Li-ion or LIB batteries) have lithium compounds as the electrode material, and are rechargeable. Li-ion batteries are widely used in portable electronic products such as mobile phones, laptops, tablets, MP3 players, and cameras.

Lithium metal batteries

Lithium metal batteries have lithium metal as an anode and are generally not rechargeable. They come in different shapes and forms, including the flat, round batteries used in watches. They are also commonly used in products such as calculators or flashlights.

Lithium-ion polymer batteries

Lithium-ion polymer batteries, often called lithium polymer batteries (Li-poly, Li-Pol, LIP, PLI or LiP) are rechargeable batteries usually composed of several identical secondary cells in parallel. They are used in some portable electronic products and fall under the family of lithium-ion batteries.

Regulation of lithium-ion batteries

Lithium batteries are always subject to specific transport requirements, without exception. Lithium-ion batteries can have a very high stored energy content, and this is why Amazon will not ship some lithium-ion battery products. Amazon eligibility status for lithium ion batteries depends upon energy content in watt-hours (Wh) and marketplace, as follows:

Lithium ion battery–Amazon policyEnergy content in watt-hours (Wh)Region/countryAmazon approved or rejected?
0 Wh-100 WhAustraliaApproved
BrazilApproved

CanadaApproved

ChinaApproved

EuropeApproved

IndiaApproved

JapanApproved

MexicoApproved

Middle EastApproved

SingaporeApproved

TurkeyApproved

United StatesApproved

101 Wh-300 WhAustraliaRejected
BrazilRejected

CanadaRejected

ChinaRejected

EuropeRejected

IndiaApproved

JapanApproved

MexicoRejected

Middle EastRejected

SingaporeRejected

TurkeyRejected

United StatesApproved

More than 301 WhAustraliaRejected
BrazilRejected

CanadaRejected

ChinaRejected

EuropeRejected

IndiaApproved

JapanApproved

MexicoRejected

Middle EastRejected

SingaporeRejected

TurkeyRejected

United StatesRejected

The Watt-hour information is generally printed on the battery itself, on its packaging, or in the manufacturer's technical documentation.

In cases where the Watt-hour is not printed, it can be calculated from the battery voltage (V) and amp-hour (Ah) rating, also commonly printed on the battery, the outer packaging, or in the manufacturer's documentation. The voltage to be used when calculating watt-hours is the nominal voltage of the battery (commonly printed as simply "voltage"), not to be confused with the input voltage, output voltage, or max charging voltage. Calculate the watt-hours of your product

United Nations test summary requirement

As of January 1, 2020, UN 38.3 requires lithium battery manufacturers and distributors to provide a document known as a lithium battery test summary upon request. This requirement will be enforced via country-specific regulations.

When manufactured, all lithium batteries and lithium battery products must undergo a series of standardized tests to confirm their safety for use and transport. This new documentation summarizes those testing requirements.

To comply with this regulation, Amazon requires all sellers to upload a test summary at ASIN setup.

For more information, download lithium battery guidance from the International Air Transport Association (English only).

 文章来源:亚马逊官方网站