冷藏和冷冻食品

重要: 如果您在亚马逊上销售商品,则必须遵守适用于这些商品和商品信息的所有联邦、州和地方法律以及亚马逊政策

针对冷藏食品、冷冻食品和温控食品质量和性能的卖家要求如下:

  • 您必须注册加入专业销售计划

  • 您必须向我们提供所要求的有关待售商品的适当文件(例如 GFSI)以及其他信息。

  • 必须使用适合运输的包装材料完全包装和密封冷藏食品、冷冻食品和未加工农产品。包装的设计必须能确保在向买家配送途中维持安全的商品温度。温度阈值请见下方的“食品-温度详情”表。

  • 温控食品(为保证质量和性能)必须遵循适用的温度要求,以满足质量和性能标准。

  • 对于没有有效期的未加工农产品,其剩余保质期必须可接受,且符合成熟度和无霉/虫/污染的商品质量标准。

冷链的确认与验证

让冷藏食品、冷冻食品和未加工农产品维持适当的温度对于确保食品安全和质量至关重要。温度超出规定范围可能会导致商品被禁止显示以及卖家账户被暂停。

确认:卖家需要确认冷链。要确认冷链,卖家需要证明如何在“最差条件”(例如外部环境温度达到历史最高或最低值时、配送时间达到承诺的最长时间时,或配送的食品热质量较低或体积较大时)下维持商品温度。如果某个外部独立实验室可以多次模拟“最差情景”并证明商品在最长时间(即最长配送时间)结束时的内部和表面温度均低于目标温度,即认为确认成功。对于不对买家订单的来源州或使用的邮政编码编码设置限制的卖家,应将亚利桑那州凤凰城、德克萨斯州达拉斯和佛罗里达州迈阿密视为温度最高的配送目的地(具体取决于商品的发货地址)。

验证:虽然验证适用于在启动新的业务、路线或包装之前证明理论上的符合性,但我们仍建议您通过验证程序来定期确认商品在实际条件下送达时,其温度处于或低于目标温度。与确认一样,验证程序应该关注最差情景。如果验证结果不理想,您应该采取纠正性措施。

您应该保留确认与验证程序以及记录的活动,并按要求将其提供给亚马逊和监管部门。这些信息不仅是食品安全性的必要组成部分,而且也对确保买家所购商品的健康性和纯粹性至关重要。

下面列出了一些一般温度要求供您参考,但您必须根据商品的性质确定商品的安全和质量要求。

表 1. 食品-温度详情
食品类型符合要求的温度
冷藏肉28-41° F
冷藏家禽肉28-41° F
冷藏鱼和甲壳类动物(蟹、虾、龙虾)32-41° F
经过冷藏处理的乳制品或液蛋32-41° F
经过冷藏处理的食品32-41° F
所有冷藏鲜切水果、蔬菜及即食水果和蔬菜132-41° F
冷藏贝类(蛤、贻贝、扇贝、牡蛎)32-45° F
冷藏的带壳蛋或液态奶32-45° F
冷冻食品< 10° F
完整、未经切割、不可即食的商品232-65° F
香蕉立方米56-64° F

1所有鲜切水果、蔬菜及即食水果和蔬菜都需要冷藏,以保证食品的安全性。

2该组的目标温度仅作为一项指南而提供,用于确保商品质量。您应检查您的冷链并确保其合规。

  • 如果将对低温敏感的商品与需要较低温度的商品一同运输,应使用隔热材料(例如使用毛毯)保护前者以防止霜冻。

  • 供应商应采取措施,通过在储存场所和运输给买家的途中使用最合适的温度(具体取决于商品类型)来确保商品质量。

立方米温度范围取决于香蕉果肉的温度。

合规文件

食品许可

根据 FDA 《食品安全现代化法案》(FSMA) 的规定,在美国从事生产、加工、包装或持有消费食品的工厂必须向 FDA 提交注册信息。根据 FSMA 修订的《食品、药品和化妆品法案》也要求食品加工厂向 FDA 注册并每隔一年更新一次这些注册信息。

审计证书

亚马逊认可《全球食品安全倡议》(GFSI) 基本标准及相关认证(例如 BRC、SQF、FSSC、IFS),并将持有有效 GFSI 基准证书(关于面向或通过亚马逊销售、属于九个已被认定为高风险分类之一的商品)的食品供应商视为符合亚马逊食品安全和质量最低期望。尚未获得 GFSI 基准计划认证的食品供应商需要符合以下最低标准:

  • 保证所有商品的包装和处理方式能够在整个计划的供应链中维持安全的温度。例如,在整个计划的供应链中,冷藏商品需要维持在 ≤41°F/5°C,或者温度 >41°F/5°C 但 ≤45°F/7°C 的时间不超过 18 小时;冷冻商品需要始终维持在 ≤10°F/-12°C 或冷冻状态。

  • 保证持有经销冷藏或冷冻商品所需的全部注册文件、许可和执照。

  • 请提供 FDA、美国农业部 (USDA) 出具的或根据州法规要求签发的有效许可、执照、设立号或最近的检验记录,以便向美国大陆的所有州(不包括阿拉斯加、夏威夷和美国特区)运输您的商品。如果上述要求不适用于您的公司或所在辖区,请提供当地卫生局出具的证明文件,描述您当前从事的业务活动并说明没有所要求的许可。

GFSI

亚马逊认可 GFSI 基本标准及相关认证(例如 BRC、SQF、FSSC、IFS),并将持有有效 GFSI 基准证书(关于面向或通过亚马逊销售的商品)的卖家视为符合亚马逊食品安全和质量最低期望。


 亚马逊官网原文详情:

Chilled and frozen foods

Important: If you supply products for sale on Amazon, you must comply with all federal, state, and local laws and Amazon policies applicable to those products and product listings.

Seller requirements for refrigerated food, frozen food, and temperature-controlled food for quality or performance are as follows:

  • You must be registered as a seller on the Professional Selling Plan.

  • You must provide us with acceptable documentation (such as GFSI) and other information we request about the products you intend to sell.

  • Refrigerated food, frozen food, and raw agricultural commodities must be fully enclosed and sealed in packaging suitable for shipping. Packaging must be designed to maintain safe product temperatures throughout delivery to the customer. Temperature thresholds are shown in the "Food-Temperature Details" table below

  • Food that is temperature-controlled for quality and performance must follow temperature requirements that meet quality and performance standards.

  • Raw agricultural commodities that do not have an expiration date must have acceptable remaining shelf life on product, meet quality standards for ripeness and be absent of mold, pests, or contamination.

Validation and verification of chill chain

Maintaining proper temperatures of refrigerated food, frozen food and raw agricultural commodities is critical for ensuring food safety and quality. Temperatures outside the conforming temperature range may result in offer suppression and/or seller suspension.

Validation: Sellers are expected to validate the chill chain. To validate the chill chain, a seller needs to demonstrate how the product temperature will be maintained in "worst case conditions" (such as when the external ambient temperature reaches historic highs or lows, when the delivery is as long as it can be, when the delivered food has a low thermal mass or a high volume). A validation will be deemed successful when an external independent laboratory can repeatedly simulate "worst case scenario" and show that the product's internal and surface temperatures are lower than the targeted temperature at the end of the maximum time, corresponding to the longest possible delivery time. For businesses that do not restrict customer orders by state or ZIP code, Phoenix-AZ, Dallas-TX, or Miami-FL should be considered as the warmest delivery locations (depending where the food ships from).

Verification: Whereas validations are suitable to demonstrate theoretical compliance prior to launching a new business, route or packaging, a verification program is recommended to confirm at a defined frequency that products arrive at or below the targeted temperature in real business conditions. Like for the validation, verification programs should focus on worst case scenario. When verification results are unfavorable, a corrective action plan should be implemented.

Both validation and verification programs and recorded activities should be kept and made available to Amazon and regulators upon request. Not only is this information an essential component of food safety, it is also critical for ensuring that the products purchased by consumers are wholesome, and unadulterated.

General temperature requirements are provided below as reference, however you must determine safety and quality of your products depending on their nature.

Table 1. Food-Temperature Details
Food TypeConforming Temperature
Refrigerated meat28-41° F
Refrigerated poultry28-41° F
Refrigerated fish and crustacea (crab, shrimp, lobster)32-41° F
Refrigerated processed dairy products or liquid eggs32-41° F
Refrigerated processed foods32-41° F
All refrigerated cut fruits, vegetables, and ready-to-eat fruits and vegetables132-41° F
Refrigerated shellfish (clams, mussels, scallops, oysters)32-45° F
Refrigerated shell eggs or fluid milk32-45° F
Frozen foods< 10° F
Whole, uncut, not ready-to-eat produce232-65° F
Bananas356-64° F

1All cut fruits, vegetables, and ready-to-eat fruits and vegetables are required to be refrigerated to maintain food safety.

2Target temperature for this group is only provided as a guideline to ensure produce quality. You are expected to validate your chill chain and ensure compliance.

  • If transported together with produce requiring lower temperatures, those produce sensitive to low temperatures should be protected against frost with a thermal barrier (for example, with a blanket.

  • Suppliers are expected to take measures to ensure produce quality by using the most appropriate temperature during on site storage and transit to the customer (based on produce type).

3Temperature range is based on banana pulp temperature.

Compliance documents

Food Permit

In the United States, the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) requires that facilities engaged in manufacturing, processing, packing, or holding food for consumption in the United States submit registration information to FDA. The FD&C Act, as amended by FSMA, also requires food facilities required to register with FDA to renew such registrations every other year.

Audit Certificate

Amazon recognizes Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) benchmarked standards and associated certifications (for example, BRC, SQF, FSSC, IFS) and will consider that food suppliers holding a valid GFSI benchmark certificate, relevant to the products sold to or through Amazon within any of the nine high risk categories identified, meet Amazon food safety and quality minimum expectations. Food suppliers that are not yet certified to a GFSI benchmarked scheme are expected to meet the following minimum criteria:

  • Certify that all product is packaged and handled in a way to maintain safe temperature throughout the planned supply chain. For example, chilled products are maintained ≤41F/5C throughout the planned supply chain, or the period where the temperature >41F/5C but is ≤45F/7C is limited to 18hrs; Frozen products are maintained ≤10F/-12C or frozen solid at all times.

  • Certify that it holds all required registrations, permits, and licenses to distribute chilled or frozen products.

  • Provide a valid permit, license, establishment number, or most recent inspection record from FDA, USDA, department of agriculture or state regulatory requirements to ship your products to all states in the continental US (excluding Alaska, Hawaii and U.S. territories). If the above requirement is not applicable to your business or jurisdiction, provide a letter from the local health authority describing the business activity you are conducting as well as stating there is no required licensing.

GFSI

Amazon recognizes GFSI benchmarked standards and associated certifications (for example, BRC, SQF, FSSC, IFS) and will consider sellers that hold a valid GFSI benchmark certificate, relevant to the products sold to or through Amazon to meet Amazon's food safety and quality minimum expectations.

 文章来源:亚马逊官方网站