化妆品和护肤/护发用品

重要: 如果您在亚马逊上销售商品,则必须遵守适用于这些商品和商品信息的所有联邦、州和地方法律以及亚马逊政策。

化妆品是指通常以涂抹、倾倒、喷洒或喷涂等方式用于身体起到清洁、美化或改变身体外观作用的商品。化妆品包括护肤霜、香水、口红、指甲油、眼部和面部彩妆、洗发水、染发剂、牙膏和除臭剂等商品。

必须对化妆品和护肤/护发用品予以正确描述和贴标,并且不得包括亚马逊政策明令禁止的商品。请参照下面的检查表,确保您的商品可在亚马逊上销售。

合规性检查表

包装

  1. 化妆品必须采用制造商原始包装进行密封

  2. 化妆品必须为新品且未使用

  3. 化妆品必须明确显示制造商或分销商在包装上贴示的识别码,比如矩阵码、批号或序列号

贴标

  1. 化妆品上的标签必须采用英语,并且包含以下信息:

    1. 商品的名称

    2. 商品的目的或用途(例如清洁身体、减少皱纹、滋润肌肤)

    3. 化妆品的含量,以重量、计量、数量或上述组合(例如,30 oz、5 ml、10 粒、5 lb)进行标示

    4. 成分列表

    5. 制造商、包装商或分销商的名称和地址

    6. 任何必要的标签警告

  2. 化妆品标签不得声称商品可以治愈、缓解、治疗或预防人类疾病,除非该声明已获 FDA 批准

  3. 如果化妆品未得到 FDA 的批准,则化妆品标签不得声称化妆品已获得“FDA 批准”

  4. 化妆品标签不得使用 FDA 徽标

  5. 化妆品标签不得标注“测试品”、“不得零售”或“不得转售”,因为不得在亚马逊上销售此类商品

有关更多信息,请参阅美国食品和药物管理局的贴标要求一览和是否确实“经 FDA 批准”?等资料。

详情页面

  1. 详情页面必须包含以下信息:

    1. 商品的名称

    2. 商品的目的或用途(例如清洁身体、减少皱纹、滋润肌肤)

    3. 成分列表,包含商品标签中成分列表的图片

    4. 任何必要的标签警告

  2. 详情页面不得声称商品可以治愈、缓解、治疗或预防人类疾病,除非该声明已获 FDA 批准

  3. 如果化妆品未得到 FDA 的批准,则详情页面不得声称化妆品已获得“FDA 批准”

  4. 详情页面的相关图片不得包含 FDA 徽标

有关更多信息,请参阅美国食品和药物管理局的贴标要求一览和是否确实“经 FDA 批准”?等资料。

商品和成分

  1. 化妆品不得出现在 FDA 召回或安全警告中(有关更多信息,请参阅: 召回、市场撤回和安全警告)

  2. 化妆品不得包含违禁成分(有关更多信息,请参阅: 违禁和受限成分)

  3. 化妆品必须可以安全使用,不得是经食品和药物管理局 (FDA) 认定存在致伤或致病等不合理风险的商品,例如:

    1. 含有亚甲基二醇的商品,此成分在加热后会将甲醛释放到空气中(有关更多信息,请参阅: 加热时释放甲醛的头发顺滑商品)

    2. 睫毛和眉毛长效染色剂(有关更多信息,请参阅: 安全使用眼部化妆品)

    3. 含添加剂 Kohl、Kajal、Al-Kahal 或 Surma 的眼妆(有关更多信息,请参阅安全使用眼部化妆品)

    4. 含汞的护肤霜(有关更多信息,请参阅: 与皮肤商品有关的汞中毒)

    5. 作为身体装饰或任何其他直接用在皮肤上的涂抹物质进行设计或营销的彩绘制品(有关更多信息,请参阅: 化妆品安全常见问题: 纹身和永久化妆)。

  4. 化妆品不得要求开具处方或在医学专业人士监督或指导下使用

  5. 化妆品不得包含管制物质,比如:

    1. 在《管制物质法》的附录 I、II、III、IV 或 V 中所列出的任何物质(有关更多信息,请参阅: 管制物质附录)

    2. 美国缉毒局 (DEA) 指定的“I 类”化学品或其衍生物(有关更多信息,请参阅: I 类和 II 类化学品)

  6. 化妆品不得包含塑料柔珠(有关更多信息,请参阅: 《无柔珠水域法》: 常见问题)

  7. 为了销往加利福尼亚州和纽约州,止汗剂、除臭剂和造型喷雾不得含有有毒空气污染物(有关更多信息,请参阅加州空气资源委员会消费品执行部门和纽约州环境保护局的相关资料)

  8. 化妆品必须符合亚马逊政策,包括:

    1. 禁止销售包含鲨鱼、鲸鱼、海豚或鼠海豚提取成分的化妆品

    2. 禁止销售过氧化氢含量超过 12% 的化妆品

    3. 在销售含有丙酮的化妆品(如洗甲水)时,总量不得超过 16 oz

    4. 禁止销售 InStyler 卷发棒

    5. 禁止销售 Claire 的品牌化妆品

明确禁售的商品

亚马逊明确禁售以下化妆品商品。之所以禁售这些商品,是因为它们不符合检查表的要求。此列表仅列举了部分亚马逊禁售的化妆品商品。

  • 矫视隐形眼镜和美瞳

  • 睫毛增长液

  • Obagi Nu-Derm 防晒霜

  • Obagi Nu-Derm 祛斑霜

  • Obagi Nu-Derm 修颜霜

  • Obagi Elastiderm 靓颜嫩白精华乳

  • Obagi C-Therapy 晚霜

  • Obagi RX System 净肤精华素

  • 米诺地尔含量超过 5% 的商品

  • 硫双二氯酚

  • Brazilian Blowout 巴西生命果专业柔顺护发素

  • 氯仿

  • 卤代水杨酰苯胺

  • 二氯甲烷

  • 气溶胶制品中的氯乙烯

  • 气溶胶制品中的含锆复合物

  • Synthol、Synthrol 或 Swethol 造型油

其他有用资源

  • LegitScript 拥有一款可搜索的数据库,有助于判断化妆品是否含有违禁成分:https://www.legitscript.com/


 亚马逊官网原文详情:

Cosmetics & Skin/Hair Care

Important: If you supply products for sale on Amazon, you must comply with all federal, state, and local laws and Amazon policies applicable to those products and product listings.

Please use the checklist below to help ensure that your products are compliant with Amazon’s policies.

Cosmetics are products that are usually rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed onto the body for cleansing, beautifying, or changing the appearance of the body. The cosmetics category includes products like skin creams, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, temporary tattoos, eye and facial makeup, shampoos, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants.

Compliance Checklist

Packaging

  1. Cosmetics must be sealed in the original manufacturer’s packaging

  2. Cosmetics must be new and unused

  3. Cosmetics must clearly display identifying codes placed on the packaging by the manufacturer or distributor, such as matrix codes, lot numbers, or serial numbers

Labeling and Product Detail Pages

  1. Cosmetics labels and detail pages must be labeled in English with the following information:

    1. The name of the product

    2. The purpose or use of the product (e.g. cleansing the body, reducing the appearance of wrinkles, moisturizing the skin)

    3. The amount of content of the cosmetic, in terms of weight, measure, count or a combination (e.g. 30 oz, 5 mL, 10 pills, 5 lbs)

    4. The ingredient list

    5. The name and address of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor (this is not required on detail pages)

    6. Any necessary label warnings

  2. Cosmetic labels and detail pages must not:

    1. State that the products cure, mitigate, treat, or prevent a disease in humans, unless that statement is approved by the FDA and the product is properly labeled as both a cosmetic and a drug

    2. State that the cosmetics are “FDA approved” if they are not FDA approved

    3. Use the FDA logo

    4. State “tester,” “not for retail sale,” or “not intended for resale” as such items may not be sold on Amazon

For more information, see the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's resources Summary of Labeling Requirements Cosmetics Labeling Claims, and Is It Really 'FDA Approved?', and Is It a Cosmetic, a Drug, or Both? (Or Is It Soap?).

Products and Ingredients

  1. Cosmetics must not be named in an FDA recall or safety alert (for more information, see: Recalls, Market Withdrawals, & Safety Alerts)

  2. Cosmetics must not contain prohibited ingredients (for more information, see: Prohibited & Restricted Ingredients)

  3. Cosmetics must be safe for use and must not be a product that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has determined presents an unreasonable risk of injury or illness, such as:

    1. Products that contain methylene glycol, which, when heated, release formaldehyde into the air (for more information, see: Hair-Smoothing Products That Release Formaldehyde When Heated)

    2. Eyelash and eyebrow permanent dye (for more information, see: Use Eye Cosmetics Safely)

    3. Eye makeup containing Kohl, Kajal, Al-Kahal, or Surma (for more information, see Use Eye Cosmetics Safely)

    4. Skin creams containing mercury (for more information, see: Mercury Poisoning Linked to Skin Products)

    5. Henna products designed or marketed for body-decorating or any other variation of direct skin application (for more information, see: Cosmetics Safety Q&A: Tattoos and Permanent Makeup)

  4. Cosmetics must not require a prescription or a medical professional's supervision or direction for their use

  5. Cosmetics must not contain controlled substances, such as:

    1. Anything listed in Schedules I, II, III, IV or V of the Controlled Substances Act (for more information, see: Schedules of Controlled Substances)

    2. "List I" chemicals or their derivatives as designated by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) (for more information, see: List I and List II Chemicals)

  6. Cosmetics must not contain plastic microbeads (for more information, see: The Microbead-Free Waters Act: FAQs)

  7. In order to be sold into California and New York, antiperspirants, deodorants, and hairsprays must not contain toxic air contaminants (for more information, see California Air Resources Board Consumer Products Enforcement and New York Department of Environmental Conservation)

  8. Cosmetics must comply with Amazon policies, including:

    1. Cosmetics that contain ingredients derived from sharks, whales, dolphins, or porpoises are prohibited from sale

    2. Cosmetics that contain more than 12% hydrogen peroxide are prohibited from sale

    3. Cosmetics that contain acetone, such as nail polish remover, cannot be sold in volumes more than 16 oz in total

    4. InStyler rotating irons are prohibited from sale

    5. Claire’s brand cosmetics are prohibited from sale

Known prohibited products

Amazon specifically prohibits the following cosmetic products. These products are prohibited because they do not meet the checklist requirements. This list does not include all cosmetic products prohibited by Amazon.

  • Corrective and cosmetic contact lenses

  • Latisse

  • Obagi Nu-Derm Sunfader

  • Obagi Nu-Derm Clear

  • Obagi Nu-Derm Blender

  • Obagi Elastiderm Decolletage Skin Lightening Complex

  • Obagi C-Therapy Nightcream

  • Obagi RX System Clarifying Serum

  • Products that contain minoxidil in excess of 5%

  • Bithionol

  • Brazilian Blowout Acai Professional Smoothing Solution

  • Chloroform

  • Halogenated salicylanilides

  • Methylene chloride

  • Vinyl chloride in aerosol products

  • Zirconium-containing complexes in aerosol products

  • Synthol, Synthrol, or Swethol posing oil

Additional useful resources

  • LegitScript has a searchable database that may help when determining if a cosmetic includes a prohibited ingredient: https://www.legitscript.com/

 文章来源:亚马逊官方网站