亚马逊物流长期仓储费

我们将对在运营中心存放超过 365 天的库存按每立方英尺 $6.90 或每件商品 $0.15(以较大值为准)收取月度长期仓储费 (LTSF)。我们将于每月 15 日评估长期仓储费。

长期仓储费用示例

玩具: 11 x 8 x 2 英寸存放时间每立方英尺所适用的长期仓储费每件商品所适用的长期仓储费收取的长期仓储费(以较大值为准)
1 件商品超过 365 天$0.70$0.15$0.70
2 件商品超过 365 天$1.41$0.30$1.41
10 件商品超过 365 天$7.03$1.50$7.03
图书: 8 x 6 x 0.5 英寸存放时间每立方英尺所适用的长期仓储费每件商品所适用的长期仓储费收取的长期仓储费(以较大值为准)
1 件商品超过 365 天$0.10$0.15$0.15
2 件商品超过 365 天$0.19$0.30$0.30
10 件商品超过 365 天$0.96$1.50$1.50

如何确定需要支付费用的库存

可以使用“库龄”报告和“库存状况”报告确定您库存中的哪些 ASIN 需要支付长期仓储费。针对每个 ASIN,您可以按其存放在运营中心的时长查看库存:

  • 0 至 90 天

  • 91 至 180 天

  • 181 至 270 天

  • 271 至 365 天

  • 超过 365 天

此信息可帮助您估算在下一个库存清点日之前已在运营中心存放超过 365 天的商品数量。


“建议移除”报告还可以帮助您确定需支付长期仓储费的商品。该报告自动按 ASIN 计算为了避免产生长期仓储费您需要移除的商品数量(假设不会再发生相关销售)。 该报告会列出每个长期仓储费收费日期之前 30 天内需支付长期仓储费的商品。

前往卖家账户中的【库存】选项卡,然后点击【库存规划】,即可找到“库龄”页面。对于“库存状况”报告和“建议移除”报告,请前往【数据报告】选项卡,然后点击【库存和销售报告】。

您的库存: 先进先出

长期仓储费是月度库存仓储费之外的费用。我们根据运营中心收到商品的日期对此项费用进行评估。

我们只对在运营中心存放 365 天以上的商品评估长期仓储费。

亚马逊物流在整个配送网络中按照先进先出 (FIFO) 的原则计算库龄。无论实际配送或移除的是哪些商品,亚马逊物流都会从在配送网络内存放最久的库存中扣除售出或移除的商品。

例如,如果运营中心员工取件并配送最近才送达运营中心的商品,亚马逊物流仍会从最早的有货库存中扣除该商品。

如何避免产生长期仓储费

积极管理送达时间较早的库存可帮您避免长期仓储费。要在下一个库存清点日之前移除送达时间较早的库存,您可以执行以下操作:

  • 提交移除订单

  • 为需要支付长期仓储费的库存设置自动移除


【提交移除订单:】 如果您在清点日之前提交了库存移除订单,这些库存将不会产生长期仓储费,即使库存在清点日之前并未实质性移除也并不影响。提交移除订单的截止时间为当月 14 日晚上 11:59(太平洋时间)。

处于可售状况的库存在完成移除之前都可进行销售。在我们将库存退还给您或弃置之前,不会向您收取移除订单费用。

即使商品在支付了长期仓储费后售出,您也无法为这笔费用申请退款。


【设置自动移除:】 如果您在每月 15 日之前为需要支付长期仓储费的库存设置了自动移除,则无需为该库存支付长期仓储费。要设置自动移除,请转至卖家平台中的【设置】菜单,然后点击【亚马逊物流】。

您可以移除需要支付长期仓储费的所有库存,也可以选择价格范围来确定要移除的商品。您也可以选择将价格高于特定金额的库存保留在运营中心,并仅为这些商品支付长期仓储费,然后让我们将其余库存退还给您或弃置。您需要支付标准移除费用。有关更多信息,请参阅自动移除库存。

处于可售状况的所有未移除商品仍可进行销售,并可以享受亚马逊 Prime 和免费配送服务。

何时可以对库存进行补货?

如果您移除了在下个库存清点日需要支付长期仓储费的 ASIN 商品,您将无法在该日期之后的三个月内向我们运送该 ASIN 的更多商品。例外情况是,该 ASIN 的库存低于我们对其未来八周销量的预估值。


【库存清点日起三个月后】: 此时会解除基于移除商品的限制。例如,如果您在 2 月 15 日库存清点之前,也就是 1 月 16 日至2 月 14 日晚上 11:59(太平洋时间)之间移除库存,则从 5 月 15 日起,您才可以将此 ASIN 的更多商品运送至运营中心(除非出于其他原因,您运送此 ASIN 商品的能力受限)。 例如,如果您在 9 月 15 日库存清点日之前,也就是 8 月 16 日至9 月 14 日晚上 11:59(太平洋时间)之间移除库存,则从 12 月 15 日起,您才可以将此 ASIN 的更多商品运送至运营中心(除非出于其他原因,您运送此 ASIN 商品的能力受限)。


【库存水平低于销售预测】: 我们根据过去 90 天内您某个 ASIN 的平均销售率,对未来 8 周内该 ASIN 的销售量进行预估。如果该 ASIN 的库存可维持销售的周数少于八周,则基于移除商品的限制将被解除,您可以将更多商品运送至运营中心。

您对该 ASIN 的库存利用率不得超出过去 90 天的销量(约为 13 周的存货量)。库存利用率是您的有存货库存,加上正在运往运营中心的库存,运送流程涉及从创建货件订单到运营中心收到货件。

您可以运送多少新库存?

例如,如果您移除的 ASIN 在过去 90 天内售出了 180 件商品,我们会根据这一计算结果预测您接下来八周的销量为 112 件商品: 180/90(每天售出的商品数量)x 7(每周的天数)x 8(周数)。

如果您的库存利用率低于预计销量 (112),则您可以将该 ASIN 的更多商品发送至亚马逊运营中心,最多不超过过去 90 天内售出的商品数量 (180)。也就是说,如果您的库存利用率少于 111 件商品,您最多可以再向运营中心发送 69 件商品 (180 - 111 = 69)。

下表提供了更多示例,说明在您移除了需要支付长期仓储费的商品后,您可以向运营中心运送多少新库存。

过去 90 天内的销量预计销量(未来 8 周)在发往运营中心途中的库存有存货库存库存利用率预计销量是否超过库存总量?您可以运送的商品数量
270168701001700
2701687085155115
1,0006225002007000
1,000622500100600400
961210220
963254

注意: 如果因在较早的长期仓储费计算周期内移除商品而对您运送到运营中心的 ASIN 数量有以往限制的话,您需要遵循最长的限制。


亚马逊官网原文详情:   

FBA long-term storage fees

Inventory that has been in a fulfillment center for more than 365 days will be charged a monthly long-term storage fee (LTSF) of $6.90 per cubic foot or $0.15 per unit, whichever is greater. Long-term storage fees are assessed on the 15th of each month.

Long-term storage fee examples

Toy: 11 x 8 x 2 inchesStorage durationApplicable cubic-foot LTSFApplicable per-unit LTSFBilled long-term storage fee (the greater of the two)
1 unitMore than 365 days$0.70$0.15$0.70
2 unitsMore than 365 days$1.41$0.30$1.41
10 unitsMore than 365 days$7.03$1.50$7.03
Book: 8 x 6 x 0.5 inchesStorage durationApplicable cubic-foot LTSFApplicable per-unit LTSFBilled long-term storage fee (the greater of the two)
1 unitMore than 365 days$0.10$0.15$0.15
2 unitsMore than 365 days$0.19$0.30$0.30
10 unitsMore than 365 days$0.96$1.50$1.50

How to identify inventory subject to fees

Use the Inventory Age and Inventory Health reports to identify which ASINs in your inventory are subject to long-term storage fees. For each ASIN, you can see your inventory by the amount of time it has been in a fulfillment center:

  • 0 to 90 days

  • 91 to 180 days

  • 181 to 270 days

  • 271 to 365 days

  • More than 365 days

This information can help you estimate the number of items that will have been in a fulfillment center for more than 365 days by the next inventory cleanup date.

The Recommended Removals report can also help you identify items subject to long-term storage fees. This report automatically calculates, on an ASIN-by-ASIN basis, the number of items you would have to remove to avoid long-term storage fees — assuming no further sales. This report identifies items that are subject to long-term storage fees up to 30 days before each long-term storage fee charge date.

To find the Inventory Age page, go to the Inventory tab in your seller account, then Inventory Planning. For the Inventory Health and Recommended Removal reports, go to the Reports tab, then Fulfillment.

Your inventory: First in, first out

The long-term storage fee is in addition to the monthly inventory storage fee. Assessment is based on the date an item is received in the fulfillment center.

Only items that have been in a fulfillment center for more than 365 days will be assessed a long-term storage fee.

FBA calculates inventory age on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis across the entire fulfillment network. Items sold or removed are deducted from the inventory that has been in the fulfillment network the longest, regardless of which unit was actually shipped or removed.

For example, if a fulfillment center associate picks and ships a unit that arrived in the fulfillment center recently, FBA will still deduct that unit from the oldest inventory in stock.

How to avoid long-term storage fees

Active management of older inventory can help you avoid long-term storage fees. To remove older inventory before the next inventory cleanup date, you can:

  • Submit a removal order

  • Set up automated removals for inventory subject to long-term storage fees

Submit a removal order: If you submit a removal order for inventory before the cleanup date, that inventory won’t incur a long-term storage fee, even if it isn’t physically removed before the cleanup date. The deadline for submitting a removal order is 11:59 p.m. (PT) on the 14th of the month.

Inventory in sellable condition will be available for sale until the removal is complete. You will not be charged a removal order fee until the inventory has been returned to you or disposed of.

Items that sell after having incurred a long-term storage fee are not eligible for a refund of that fee.

Set up automated removals: If you set up automated removals by the 15th of each month for inventory that is subject to long-term storage fees, that inventory won’t be charged long-term storage fees. To set up automated removals, go to the Settings menu in Seller Central and click Fulfillment by Amazon.

You can enable removal of all inventory subject to long-term storage fees or select a price range to determine which items are to be removed. You can also keep inventory that is priced above a certain amount in the fulfillment center, pay the long-term storage fees for those items only, and have the remaining items returned to you or disposed of. Standard removal fees apply. For more information, see Remove inventory automatically.

Any unremoved items that are in sellable condition will continue to be available for sale and will be eligible for Amazon Prime and free shipping.

When can you replenish your inventory?

If you remove units of an ASIN that would be subject to long-term storage fees at the next inventory cleanup date, you won't be able to send us more units of that ASIN for three months after that date. The exception is your inventory of that ASIN falls below our projection of its sales for the next eight weeks.

Three months after the inventory cleanup date: Restrictions based on removals are lifted at this point. For example, if you remove inventory before the February 15 inventory cleanup—between January 16 and 11:59 p.m. (PT) on February 14 — you’ll be able to send more units of that ASIN to fulfillment centers starting on May 15 (unless your ability to send units of that ASIN has been restricted for another reason). For example, if you remove inventory before the September 15 inventory cleanup — between August 16 and 11:59 p.m. (PT) on September 14 — you’ll be able to send more units of that ASIN to fulfillment centers starting on December 15 (unless your ability to send units of that ASIN has been restricted for another reason).

Inventory level falls below sales projection: We base our projection of your sales of an ASIN for the next eight weeks on your average sales rate for that ASIN during the preceding 90 days. At any point that your inventory level for that ASIN falls below eight weeks of cover, the removal-based restriction is lifted and you can send more units to fulfillment centers.

Your inventory utilization for that ASIN may not exceed the preceding 90 days of sales, or about 13 weeks of cover. Inventory utilization is your in-stock inventory plus any inventory on its way to a fulfillment center, from creation of a shipment order to receiving at the fulfillment center.

How much new inventory can you send?

As an example, if the ASIN you removed sold 180 units in the preceding 90 days, we would project your sales for the next eight weeks as 112 units based on this calculation: 180/90 (units sold/day) x 7 (days/week) x 8 (weeks).

If your inventory utilization fell below projected sales (112), you could send more units of that ASIN to an Amazon fulfillment center, up to the number sold in the previous 90 days (180). That is, if your inventory utilization fell to 111 units, you could send up to 69 more units to the fulfillment center (180 - 111 = 69).

The table below provides more examples of how much new inventory you can send to fulfillment centers after you’ve removed items subject to long-term storage fees.

Sales in preceding 90 daysProjected sales (next 8 weeks)Inventory on its way to a fulfillment centerIn-stock inventoryTotal inventory utilizationDo projected sales exceed total inventory?Number of units you can send
27016870100170No0
2701687085155Yes115
1,000622500200700No0
1,000622500100600Yes400
96121022No0
96325Yes4

Note: If there is a prior restriction on sending your ASIN to fulfillment centers because of a removal during an earlier long-term storage fee cycle, the longest restriction will apply.

文章来源:亚马逊官方网站