危险品(危险物质)识别指南

危险品(又称危险物质)是指因本身含有易燃、密封加压、腐蚀性或其他任何有害物质,而在储存、处理或运输过程中会带来风险的物质或材料。为防止潜在的健康和安全风险,亚马逊会收集与在亚马逊上销售的任何商品相关的危险品信息。

请记住,“危险品”也指消费品,如笔记本电脑、智能手机、家用清洁用品、喷漆和化妆品。您可以在此页面底部找到可能属于受管制危险品的商品列表。

注意: 要提供安全数据表 (SDS) 和产品成分信息表,请转至上传文件工具页面。有关这些文件的详细信息,请访问危险品(危险物质)所需信息和文件。

根据具体特征,危险品可分为九大类(请参阅以下章节)。亚马逊物流禁止销售某些类别或子类。

在本页面,您将了解:

  • 哪些危险品可以通过亚马逊物流销售

  • 亚马逊物流禁止销售哪些商品分类、子类或两者皆禁止销售

  • 如何确定您的商品是否为危险品(安全数据表)

  • 危险品法规

  • 卖家合规与责任

  • 可能属于受管制危险品的商品


有关危险品的更多信息,请参阅危险品(危险物质)所需信息和文件。

重要: 特定成品商品的物理和化学属性决定了它是否属于危险品。这就是并无基于商品类型的预定义分类的原因。这也是为什么即使您的商品不属于危险品,我们也要求您提供具体的危险品信息和文件的原因。

可以通过亚马逊物流销售的危险品

作为亚马逊卖家,您必须确保您的商品符合所有危险品法规。以下危险品可以通过亚马逊物流销售:

类别子类名称标签联合国危险货物编号商品描述示例
9-其他危险物质



UN3480 UN3481 UN3090 UN3091锂电池移动电源、相机、手机、电池充电器



UN2807磁性材料直径低于 30 厘米的扬声器,大型磁体


重要: 锂电池商品必须符合一定的条件(根据最新的 IATA DGR 中第 965 至 970 项包装说明的要求)。如需更多信息,请访问针对锂电池和附带锂电池的商品的要求。

亚马逊物流危险品计划

危险品计划允许销售其他类型的危险品。要注册该计划,请使用此页面顶部的【查找 ASIN】工具并选择【危险品常见问题】。

如果获准注册该计划,您可以发送符合该计划的条款和条件的其他危险品。发往运营中心的商品必须满足以下条件:

  • 有资格使用亚马逊物流

  • 根据《联邦电子法规》第 49 章,以有限数量包装

  • 仅限处于新品状况的商品

另请注意,某些类别的危险品,即使数量有限,也会被亚马逊拒收。请参阅下方不能通过亚马逊物流销售的商品。

能够以有限数量销售的商品

这些类别的商品只能通过亚马逊物流以有限数量销售:

类别子类名称运输标签危险品图形符号
22.1易燃气体
2.2不易燃的无毒气体





3-易燃液体
44.1易燃固体
55.1氧化剂
5.2有机过氧化物
66.1有毒物质
8-腐蚀性物质
9-其他危险物质

重要: 对于发往亚马逊运营中心的数量有限的危险品货件,仅可使用以下运输标签:



有关更多信息,请参阅下面的确定您的商品是否为危险品。另请参阅:

  • 电池和电池驱动商品的产品成分信息表

  • 不含有害化学品的商品的产品成分信息表

不能通过亚马逊物流销售的商品

亚马逊物流禁止销售以下分类或子类:

类别子类名称运输标签危险品图形符号
1-爆炸性物质
22.3有毒气体
44.2易自燃物质
4.3遇湿危险的物质
66.2传染性物质
7-放射性材料

重要: 上述运输标签仅供参考。请勿使用这些标签。

确定您的商品是否为危险品

商品包装上的任何警告标签或警示语都意味着该商品可能属于受管制危险品。某些危险品商品不需要警告标签或警示语(例如化妆品和带磁性材料的扬声器)。但是,没有标签或警告并不表示商品不是危险品。

如果您认为您的商品可能属于受管制危险品,请询问制造商或供应商。制造商需要为所有受管制商品提供安全数据表 (SDS)。您必须相应地使用上传危险品文件工具上传此安全数据表。

安全数据表上传完成后,亚马逊将进行审核。如果危险品信息完整且准确,我们会据此对您的商品进行分类。有关更多信息,请访问危险品(危险物质)审核流程和危险品(危险物质)所需的信息和文档。

要了解更多信息,请参阅:

  • 美国运输部 (DOT)

  • 美国职业安全和健康管理局 (OSHA)

  • 国际航空运输协会 (IATA)

  • 美国联邦航空管理局 (FAA)

危险品法规

美国境内的危险品需遵守以下法规:

  • 《美国联邦法规》第 49 章 (49CFR)

  • 国际航空运输协会颁布的《危险品法规》(IATA DGR)

  • 《危险品安全航空运输技术细则》(ICAO 技术细则)

  • 国际海事组织颁布的《国际海运危险品规则》(IMDG 规则)

  • 全球化学品统一分类和标签制度 (GHS)

根据您所在的地点,可能适用欧盟法规以及其他特定国家/地区的当地法律或法规。

卖家合规与责任

发往亚马逊的危险品必须遵守所有适用的法规,以确保以安全且正确的方式运输、储存、处理和贴标。不合规的操作会给我们的工作人员、承运人及买家带来潜在的健康和安全风险。

要通过亚马逊物流销售危险品,您必须:

  • 随时关注现行的相关法律和法规

  • 提供完整准确的商品信息

  • 提供完整、准确的最新安全数据表或产品成分信息表

重要: 您需要在 14 个工作日内满足商品安全合规性要求。不提供此信息可能会导致货件延迟、买家配送被取消或者库存被弃置(费用由您承担)。亚马逊保留采取相应措施的权利,恕不另行通知。

发送库存至亚马逊时,您需要确认所有商品均符合任何法律要求,同时提供的信息也是完整、准确和最新的。

提供不正确或不完整的信息可能会导致您的商品被冻结,无法销售。您可能还需要采取纠正措施,否则您可能会失去亚马逊销售权限。如若运营中心收到商品后确认其为无法配送的危险品,亚马逊可能会将其弃置,费用由您承担。

可能属于受管制危险品的商品

这些商品分类不包含所有潜在危险品。但这些分类提供您的商品信息中可能存在的实用危险品示例。

使用上方的【查找 ASIN】 工具,查看特定的亚马逊物流 ASIN 是否被分类为危险品。

服装

  • 附带充电电池的帽子和背心

  • 帽子用硬化剂

  • 服装去污剂


汽车用品

  • 发动机和轮胎养护用品

  • 内饰和油漆养护用品

  • 机油和液体

  • 铅酸电池

  • 溢漏电池和防溢漏电池

  • 气囊


母婴

  • 婴儿梳洗和护肤品

  • 抗菌商品


美容化妆和个人护理

  • 喷雾除臭剂

  • 头发定型剂

  • 染发用品

  • 染发剂

  • 香水

  • 精油

  • 美黑乳液和喷雾

  • 防腐剂和消毒剂

  • 肉瘤和疣去除液

  • 驱虫剂

  • 须后水

  • 体毛清洁用品(电动剃须刀)

  • 脱毛液和护理用品

  • 剃须霜或剃须泡沫

  • 指甲油


图书

  • 歌集

  • 附送美妆产品小样的杂志

  • 电子书设备、电子阅读器


电视/音响

  • 移动电源

  • 手机

  • 充电器和电池

  • 暗室用品

  • 扬声器


食品和饮料

  • 芳香精油

  • 酒精含量较高的商品

  • 装在加压容器中/气溶胶形态的食品(例如发泡鲜奶油)

  • 烈酒


卫生与家居用品

  • 清洁剂和清洁器

  • 洗碗液和洗碗粉

  • 洗衣液和洗衣粉


家居装修

  • 烧烤炉

  • 害虫和昆虫防治用品


办公用品

  • 墨粉盒和碳粉盒

  • 设备清洁剂

  • 胶带、粘合剂和胶水

  • 马克笔、荧光笔、钢笔和笔芯


宠物用品

  • 护耳和护眼用品

  • 跳蚤、苍蝇、蚊子、虱子和蜱虫防护品

  • 止痒剂

  • 除臭剂

  • 水族箱玻璃清洁剂

  • 水族箱水处理和测试套件


鞋靴箱包

  • 发光鞋

  • 鞋底与鞋体去污剂

  • 鞋护用品


运动户外

  • 软弹气枪用品

  • 野营炉

  • 暖手炉

  • 电动自行车和电子滑板车

  • 自行车工具和设备

  • 溢漏电池和防溢漏电池

  • 救生背心


玩具

  • 电动玩具

  • 工艺品

  • 拼砌套件

  • 化学实验套装

  • 喷漆和维修工具

  • 喷雾套件

  • 爆竹


视频游戏

  • 控制器

  • 无线和蓝牙耳机

  • 手柄


亚马逊官网原文详情:   

Dangerous goods identification guide (hazmat)

Dangerous goods (also called hazmat) are substances or materials that may pose a risk during storing, handling, or transporting because they contain flammable, pressurized, corrosive, or otherwise harmful substances. To prevent potential health and safety risks, Amazon gathers dangerous goods information related to any products sold on Amazon.

Keep in mind that “dangerous goods” also refers to consumer products such as laptops, smartphones, household cleaners, spray paints, and cosmetics. You can find a list of products that may be regulated as dangerous goods at the bottom of this page.

Note: To provide safety data sheets (SDS) and exemption sheets, go to the upload document tool page. For detailed information about these documents, visit Dangerous goods required information and documentation (hazmat).

Dangerous goods are divided into nine classes based on specific characteristics (see sections below). Some classes or divisions within classes are prohibited for FBA.

On this page, you’ll learn about:

  • Which dangerous goods can be sold through FBA

  • Which product classes, divisions, or both are prohibited for FBA

  • How to determine if your product is a dangerous good (safety data sheet)

  • Dangerous goods regulations

  • Compliance and responsibilities for sellers

  • Products that may be regulated as dangerous goods

For more information on dangerous goods, see Dangerous goods required information and documentation (hazmat).

Important: The physical and chemical properties of a unique, finished product define whether or not it’s a dangerous good. That’s why there is no pre-defined classification based on product type. It’s also why we require specific dangerous goods information and documentation, even if your product is not regulated as a dangerous good.

Dangerous goods that can be sold through FBA

As a seller on Amazon, you must ensure that your products comply with all dangerous goods regulations. The following dangerous goods can be sold through FBA:

ClassDivisionNameLabelUN IDProduct descriptionExamples
9-Miscellaneous dangerous substances



UN3480 UN3481 UN3090 UN3091Lithium batteriesPower banks, cameras, mobile phones, battery chargers



UN2807Magnetized materialSpeakers less than 30 cm in diameter, big magnets


Important: Lithium battery products must meet certain conditions (according to packing instructions 965 to 970 of latest IATA DGR). For more information, visit Requirements for lithium batteries and products that are shipped with lithium batteries.

FBA Dangerous Goods program

The Dangerous Goods program allows for the sale of additional types of dangerous goods. To enroll, use the Look up an ASIN tool at the top of this page and select Dangerous Goods FAQ.

If approved for the program, you can send additional dangerous goods in compliance with the program’s terms and conditions. Products sent to fulfillment centers must be:

  • Eligible for FBA

  • Packed in limited quantities, per title 49 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

  • In new condition only

Also note that some classes of dangerous goods, even in limited quantities, will be rejected by Amazon. See What cannot be sold through FBA below.

What can be sold in limited quantities

Products from these classes can be sold through FBA in limited quantities only:

ClassDivisionNameTransport labelHazard pictogram
22.1Flammable gases
2.2Non-flammable, non-toxic gases





3-Flammable liquids
44.1Flammable solids
55.1Oxidizers
5.2Organic peroxides
66.1Toxic substances
8-Corrosive substances
9-Miscellaneous dangerous substances

Important: For shipments of limited quantities of dangerous goods to Amazon fulfillment centers, the only accepted transport label is:



For more information, refer to Determining if your product is a dangerous good below. Also see:

  • Exemption sheet for battery and battery-powered products

  • Exemption sheet for products without harmful chemicals

What cannot be sold through FBA

The following classes or divisions are prohibited for FBA:

ClassDivisionNameTransport labelHazard pictogram
1-Explosive substances
22.3Toxic gas
44.2Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
4.3Substances dangerous when wet
66.2Infectious substances
7-Radioactive material

Important: The above transport labels are for information only. Do not use these labels.

Determining if your product is a dangerous good

Any warning label or phrase on a product package means that it may be regulated as a dangerous good. Some dangerous goods products don’t require warning labels or phrases (for example, cosmetics and speakers with magnetized material). But the absence of labels or warnings does not mean they aren’t dangerous goods.

If you think your product may be regulated as a dangerous good, ask the manufacturer or supplier. The manufacturer is required to provide a safety data sheet (SDS) for all regulated products. You must in turn upload this SDS by using the upload dangerous goods documents tool.

Once the SDS is uploaded, Amazon will review it and classify your product accordingly, as long as the information is complete and accurate. For more information, visit Dangerous goods review process (hazmat) and Required dangerous goods information and documentation (hazmat).

To learn more, see:

  • U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)

  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

  • International Air Transport Association (IATA)

  • Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

Dangerous goods regulations

Dangerous goods in the US are subject to the following regulations:

  • Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (49CFR)

  • International Air Transport Association's Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA DGR)

  • Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Technical Instructions)

  • International Maritime Organization's International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code)

  • Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling (GHS)

Depending upon your location, European Union regulations and other country-specific and local laws or regulations may apply.

Compliance and responsibilities for sellers

Dangerous goods sent to Amazon must comply with all applicable regulations to ensure that they are transported, stored, handled, and labeled safely and correctly. Noncompliance exposes employees, carriers, and customers to potential health and safety risks.

To sell dangerous goods through FBA, you must:

  • Stay informed about current, relevant legislation and regulations

  • Provide complete and correct information about your products

  • Provide a complete, correct, and up-to-date SDS or exemption sheet

Important: You will have 14 business days to comply with product safety compliance requirements. Not providing this information may result in delayed shipments, canceled customer deliveries, or inventory disposed at your expense. Amazon reserves the right to take the corresponding actions without prior notice.

When sending inventory to Amazon, you’re confirming that all products comply with any legal requirements, and that the information provided is complete, correct, and current.

Providing incorrect or incomplete information may result in your products being blocked for sale. Corrective actions may also be required, or you may lose your Amazon selling privileges. Products identified as unfulfillable dangerous goods upon receipt at a fulfillment center may be disposed of at your expense.

Products that may be regulated as dangerous goods

These product categories don’t contain every potential dangerous good. However, they offer useful examples of dangerous goods that could be among your listings.

Use the Look up an ASIN tool above to see whether a particular FBA ASIN is classified as a dangerous good.

Apparel

  • Hats and vests with rechargeable batteries

  • Hat stiffener

  • Apparel stain remover


Automotive

  • Engine and tire care

  • Interior and paint care

  • Oils and fluids

  • Lead-acid batteries

  • Spillable and non-spillable batteries

  • Airbags


Baby

  • Baby grooming and skincare

  • Antibacterial products


Beauty and personal care

  • Spray deodorants

  • Hairspray

  • Hair colors

  • Hair dyes

  • Perfume

  • Essential oils

  • Self-tanning lotions and sprays

  • Antiseptics and disinfectants

  • Verruca and wart treatments

  • Insect repellents

  • Aftershave treatments

  • Cleaning cartridges (electric shavers)

  • Hair removal solutions and treatments

  • Shaving creams or foams

  • Nail polish


Books

  • Songbooks

  • Magazines with beauty product samples

  • E-book devices, e-readers


Consumer electronics

  • Powerbanks

  • Cell phones

  • Chargers and batteries

  • Darkroom supplies

  • Speakers


Food and beverages

  • Aromatic essential oils

  • Products with high alcohol content

  • Foods in pressurized container/aerosol format (for example, whipped cream)

  • Spirits


Health and household

  • Cleansers and cleaners

  • Dishwashing liquids and powders

  • Laundry liquids and powders


Home improvement

  • Grills

  • Pest and insect control


Office

  • Cartridges and toners

  • Equipment cleansers

  • Tape, adhesives, and glue

  • Markers, highlighters, pens, and refills


Pet products

  • Ear and eye care

  • Flea, fly, mosquito, lice, and tick control

  • Itch remedies

  • Deodorizers

  • Aquarium glass cleaners

  • Aquarium water treatments and test kits


Shoes and bags

  • Light-up shoes

  • Sole and shoe stain remover

  • Shoe polish


Sports and outdoor

  • Airsoft supplies

  • Camp stoves

  • Hand warmers

  • E-bikes and e-scooters

  • Bike tools and equipment

  • Spillable and non-spillable batteries

  • Lifesaving vests


Toys

  • Battery-operated toys

  • Arts and crafts

  • Building kits

  • Chemistry sets

  • Painting and repair kits

  • Kits with sprays

  • Crackers


Video games

  • Controllers

  • Wireless and Bluetooth headsets

  • Gamepads

文章来源:亚马逊官方网站